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English Grammar - Past Simple & Present Perfect
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this lesson, I explain what the simple past and present perfect are used for, and more importantly, when to use them properly.
5 conversation phrasal verbs you need to know
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ These 5 phrasal verbs are used every day by native speakers to help them "catch up" with friends and "work out" problems at home and work. Study this video and you won't ever feel cut off in a conversation. Take a quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/5-conversation-phrasal-verbs/ TRANSCRIPT Okay, James. Product placement right about now. Apple Computers, take one. Hi. James from EngVid. Yeah. We're getting sponsored by Apple. "Sponsored" means someone is paying you to do something. No, it's not the case. And just so you know, this is the cheap version that's old. One of you guys made a guess last time I held it up. You're like, "It's the Apple 5 with retinal scan!" I don't even know what that is, so don't ask me. Okay? So -- but Mr. E and I, we get to work on my computer, and we're going to tell a story. Mr. E, ready? Okay. So "Mr. E helped to blank blank my new computer. It's not new. It something something well, and we finished early. However, it something something Mr. E had forgotten to pay his electric bill, so the power was something something -- wow, a lot of 'something somethings'. We sat in the -- excuse me. We sat in the dark" -- stop. The end. This is a stupid story. I'm going to try and do a better story. Mr. E, help me, okay? Now, Mr. E -- first of all, I should tell you what this is about. I'm giving you five phrasal verbs that are commonly used in conversation that will help you have, you know, a more interesting conversation, but not just that. Because these are used commonly in conversation, you can understand what people are saying because I'm going to try and teach you not just one --no sirree Bob! We're having a sale today. James's sale -- you're going to get two for the price of one meaning, so you can understand this story, but when you're done, you can go back and actually build your own stories or usages, okay? So let's go to the beginning. "Mr. E helped me to something at my new computer." Well laptops are different. You just put it in a room. In the old days and even now, some people buy big computers, and they have speakers and they have the box and, you know, the big screen. And you have to put it somewhere. Well, when you put it somewhere, you know, you want to arrange or build a system. We call that a "set up". You set it up. It means to put it or arrange it in a way you can use it. You "set up" a business, right? It's a system, you know. You know you buy; you sell -- it's a system. So setting something up is to arrange it or organize it or build a thing that you can use. That's one definition, "set up". What's the second one?" To place somebody in an awkward situation". Interesting. Sometimes you're watching the movies -- I'm sure you watch many of them -- someone will say, "He set me up that so-and-so." Well, what it means is they knew something about the person; they pretended they didn't know; then, they got other people to come around to expose or get the truth out. That's called a "setup". The police "set up" criminals all the time, right? They pretend to buy drugs. They pretend, but they don't actually want to buy them. The criminal sells them, and then they catch them. And they say, "It was a setup from the beginning", and the police go, "Yeah, and you fell for it." When you "fall" for something, you believe it's true even though it's not, okay? So "set up" here means two things: to arrange a system; that's one thing, and that's what we did with my computer system. It's not an awkward situation. We've arranged and built a system, right? So let's set up. Let's go back. Mr. E helped me to set up my new computer. That means we put it on a table, got the speakers, plugged it in, made it work. Cool, right? Next, "It w___ o___ well and we finished early." "W___ o___ well" -- what could that be? W-o, w-o. Well, look. See this other arrow comes down here. What does that mean? Well, it means fix a problem -- or couples fix a relationship -- and come to a successful end. Well, what we're talking about is work because when you have a problem you must work, right? To come to a successful end means you must do some work first to come to the end. Running a race; making dinner; fixing a problem. Fixing a problem requires work. Couples have to work on a relationship. And we also have this "this worked out". And if you're like Arnold Schwarzenegger, you have big muscles because you work out. That's my best Arnold impersonation. Okay, so Arnold works out, but that's different. So we also say -- and I should've put it here -- "go to gym", right? Because a lot of times I hear foreign students say, "Teacher, we go exercising now." And I always go, "[laugh] You go exercise. Right." North Americans, English speakers, they "work out". That's what we do when we go to the gym. It is exercising, but that's our word. Be here we say, "It worked out well".
Using 'must' & 'have to' in English
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ What's the difference between 'must' and 'have to'? In this short English lesson, I explain.
Learn English - 4 ways to understand what you hear
 
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Learn how to understand almost everything you hear right now in 4 easy steps! If you are an advanced English student, and you already know grammar and can understand what you read, but have trouble understanding when people speak in movies and in real life, watch this lesson to find out HOW to listen and UNDERSTAND! http://www.engvid.com/4-listening-comprehension-tips/
English Grammar: The Prepositions ON, AT, IN, BY
 
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English for Beginners: Prepositions are short words that help us express location, time, and other relationships between people and things. Some examples of prepositions are: on, at, in, and by. Do you know how to use them? For example, do we say, "I am on a taxi" or "in a taxi"? Do you like to travel "in a plane" or "by plane"? After watching this simple but useful lesson, you will know exactly which preposition to use in any situation. Test yourself with our quiz: http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-prepositions-on-at-in-by/ TRANSCRIPT I'm having a hard time reading on the train right now. Unh. Hold on. I'll start the lesson. Hi. James from engVid. Sorry, I was on the train. I want to teach you a lesson about four basic prepositions that we use in English that sometimes get confused, and I understand why, so I'll keep it basic. But because it's basic, it's going to be 80% correct. That's a good thing, that means you can go to the website and learn more from other lessons we have. But just know that sometimes there'll be exceptions, and I may not cover it here today. I'll even give you two exceptions to help you, but why waste time? Let's go to the board. Here's Mr. E. You'll notice he has a calendar, he has a clock, and: "You are here"? Oh, here. "Here" is a location. We're here right now, doing a lesson. That's the location: engVid. Let's go to the board and do the rest of the lesson, shall we? Here's: "at", "on", "in", and "by". "At". I love it because it's very specific, so you always know where you are, exactly. Problem: For transportation, "at" doesn't have anything. Hmm. So let's go to the next one. Let's go to "on". On. "On" is used for, let's say, large vehicles or large ways of travelling, such as buses... Sorry. Trains, buses, planes, and boats. I'll come back to boat in a second; it's an exception. On the train, on the bus, and on the plane, unless you're Bill Gates, Donald Trump, or me-I'm not in that list-you don't have your own train, plane, or bus, so you usually share it with a bunch of people or a few people. It's large. So we say: "You're on the bus", because it covers a big area, so there are many people sitting in that area. When I get to location, you'll see what I mean. Boat is a small exception. For many people in the world, they have their own boats because maybe they do fishing, or rowing, which is a type of boat that you go by yourself. In that situation, you can use "in". So, if the boat is small enough, say: "in": "I'm in a boat right now." But if it's a big boat, you have to say: "I'm on a boat." Another exception for the "on" rule is bicycle. You're always "on" a bicycle. I know, I said big vehicles, but remember: a bicycle is small, and it doesn't really have a motor or an engine, so we kind of give it its own thing, because you have to sit on the bicycle, and you can never really be in a bicycle. Is that good? Now, let's go to "in". "In" is funny because there are only two things for "in". "In" we use for car and taxi. The easy way to think about it is usually you own your own car; it doesn't belong to a group of people. People just don't get on your car every time you stop it, they go in and say: "Take me somewhere." And a taxi, well, when you're in a taxi, it is kind of your car. You pay the driver and you keep the car. So, this is one of those few cases where, because it belongs to me, I am in my car or I am in the taxi, because the taxi belongs to me as long as I pay the money. It's one of these funny exceptions. I don't know why, because you can put more people in a car, but I guess because you can actually own this transportation, it's yours. Think of it like the small boat. The small boat, one person is in it, you can be inside of it. All right? Cool. The last one we're going to do is "by". This is how you get there. So, "by" is different. When we talk about "in" and "on", you are... We are talking about how you are in the vehicle. Are you sitting on the bicycle? I can see you on it? You know, a boat is on water. But "by" just means: How did you get here? So, when someone responds to you with: "By car", "by plane", they're telling you how they got here. Not if they're in the plane, or on the plane. They are just... That's how they got there. So, how did I get here to do this video? Wouldn't you like to know. I'm kidding. I came here by car. So, yes, I was in my car and drove here, but I would tell somebody: "I got here by car, not by bus", and that would tell them the difference in the transportation I took. "How did you get here?" You like that? Good, so that's "by", this is how you did it; and the way you travelled is here, "in" and "on". Remember there is a small exception for small vehicles, so a small boat you can be in. Remember small. And a bicycle, you're always on the bicycle, because people see you sitting on it. We good? Excellent. Now, that is the lesson for transportation.
The Top 3 English words you need to know - GET
 
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http://www.engvid.com "Get" is one of the top 3 words you must learn if you want to master English. "Get" has over 30 meanings in English, and in this grammar lesson you will learn how the word can work in different ways. What are you waiting for? Watch the lesson, then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/top-english-words-get/ .
English Grammar - Articles - How to use A, AN, THE
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ This English lesson teaches you how to use 'a', 'an', and 'the' correctly. Many English students make mistakes with these simple words (articles), so make sure you learn how to use them correctly.
A WHILE or AWHILE?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ "A while" or "awhile"? These words sound almost exactly the same, but one is a noun, and one is an adverb. In this lesson for advanced students, I'll teach you when to use each. Even native speakers get this wrong, so it might take a while, but if you watch the lesson and do the quiz, you will get it. http://www.engvid.com/a-while-or-awhile/
"I seen it" and other stupid mistakes
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ I'm sure "you seen" it before, but that doesn't make it right. This lesson will help you understand and correct three very common grammar mistakes that even many native English speakers make every day. Test your understanding of this lesson with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/i-seen-it-and-other-stupid-mistakes/
How to Write an Effective Essay
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ In this lesson, I give you a simple method for writing a good, effective essay in English. If you don't know where to start when you are given a writing assignment, start here and learn how to do it right!
Phrasal verbs - OFF - make off, get off, pull off...
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ It's time to get off your ass, and pull off some advanced English learning! Learn a whole lot of new phrasal verbs, all using 'off'. Don't wait. Watch this lesson now... before someone makes off with it! http://www.engvid.com/phrasal-verbs-off/
Phrasal Verbs in English - 'Up'
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ In this English lesson, I explain what phrasal verbs are, and give some examples of phrasal verbs with the word 'up'.
Speaking English - Saying Hello and Goodbye, formally and informally
 
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In this English lesson, I go over some of the ways in which real native speakers of English say hello and goodbye. When people ask "How are you?", they don't really want to know how you are! They are just saying hello. There are many other ways to say hello and goodbye in different situations, and in this video, I'll teach them to you! Разговорный английский ­ Здороваемся и прощаемся, формально и неформально
Polite English - Why do we use "would"?
 
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http://www.engvid.com Would you like to learn why it is polite to use "would" in English? In this lesson for advanced students, you will see how using the past tense of will in a question shows respect for the person you are speaking to. Test your understanding with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/polite-english-would/
English Grammar: Conditional & Imaginary - IF, WILL, WOULD, WERE
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ Do you know how to properly use the words IF, WILL, WOULD, and WERE in English? Most of my students just treat all of these words the same way, and don't use them properly... until they take my class. Now that class is made available to you. If you watch it, you will learn.
How to understand native English speakers: "Whaddya...?"
 
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Why is it so hard to understand native English speakers? Because we use relaxed speech. Most English speakers will combine words, leave out letters, and even change letters! But you can understand by learning how and why these changes happen. And when you understand, your pronunciation and comprehension will improve. In this lesson, I'll explain some of the most common pronunciation changes that English speakers make, so that you can understand what native speakers are saying. Once you learn these changes, practice listening for them with native speakers, or with your favorite English shows or movies. Find some usages of relaxed speech in a show or movie and tell me in the comments what you found. https://www.engvid.com/understand-native-english-speakers-relaxed-speech/ TRANSCRIPT Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. What am I going to make for dinner tonight? Hey. James from engVid. Whaddya want to learn today? Excuse me. "Whaddya mean?" Oh, sorry, he's saying: "What do you mean?" What do you want to learn? We're doing two quick pronunciation tricks. When I'm saying that it's a little bit different, when I say two different pronunciation tricks, I'm going to teach you what's called relaxed speech in English or when we make... We blur words together. Sometimes we blur words, we make words, two words into one, sometimes three words become one, so when you hear it you think you're hearing one word, when in reality what you're hearing is three words and sometimes we drop the sound. Today I'm going to give you two very common phrases, that if you learn to say it properly, you'll sound like a native speaker, which is really cool. Right? So let's go to the board and take a look. To start off with, Mr. E... Hey, say: "Hi", E. Okay? Mr. E is saying: "Whaddya mean?" Try it. If you look in your Google Translator or your phone, you'll notice this word doesn't exist, but it does for us English people, and in fact it's for two different things that are not related. I'll show you a trick so you know what it is you're saying; or when someone's speaking to you, what it is they mean. Let's go. First things first, this is real English, relaxed speech. I have two statements. The first statement is: "What are you doing?" Right? "What are you doing?" Pretty clear and understandable. And the second statement is: "What do you want?" They're not the same at all, you can see with your eyes. But when I say it, actually it's going to come out like this: "Wad-da-ya doing? Wad-da-ya doing?" or "Wad-da-ya want? Wad-da-ya want?" The sound... This is phonetic spelling, so I'm just trying to show you the: "Wad-da-ya", "Wad-da-ya", basically sounds like this: "Whaddya", okay? And it's when we've cut sounds, and there's reasons we do it and I'll explain here why. When we speak very fast, especially when there's a "t" or a "d" involved in English, we tend to either change the "t" to a "d"-okay?-or we actually just get rid of it. An example is "often". In English you'll sometimes hear people say: "Often", "I often do this", but more casual is to say: "I ofen", the "t" is just dropped. It's understood to be there. Okay? "Often", but it's just dropped. And a lot of times people have trouble saying the word: "Bottle", you saw my face, like: "I want a bottle of Coke", it's difficult to say, even for us, so we say: "I want a bodle", "bodle", and that double "t" actually becomes almost a "d" sound, so: "bodle". "I want a bottle of Coke or a bottle of beer." We tell you to say "t", but we don't even do it ourselves because we're lazy. And speaking about lazy, I want to talk about the second reason this funny thing occurs here where we have: "Whaddya" instead of the words that are supposed to be there. When we have lazy vowels... Lazy vowels we call the schwa, schwa. I'm exaggerating because I open my mouth too much. When you do the schwa, it's like an "uh", you barely move your mouth. In fact, later on I'm going to show you a test you can do to see the schwa for yourself. Okay? Here's two examples for you because we barely say them, like the word: "problem". It's not "probl-e-m", you don't say the "e" really, you just kind of, like, make it fall with the "m" so it becomes "um": "problum". Right? And when you say: "family", do you say: "fam-i-ly"? No. You say: "Famly". It's "fam-ly", it just blends right in there. Okay? So now we've taken a look at this and "whaddya", and I just want to explain something, how it happened. Remember we said the "t"? The "t" gets dropped here. Okay? We just take it out. And the "r" we don't even say. It goes from here-you see?-there goes the "t" becomes a "d" there. Right? "What are", "What are ya", and we just drop it right off. Here it's even more obvious you can see it because we take the "t", and make that an "a" over here. We do that a lot in English with "o", we change o's to "a". Okay, so here are we. We drop that, we put the "t" to a "d" here, once again that drops off, and we have: "whaddya".
English Grammar - PASSIVE
 
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Learn how to use the passive voice in English. This is the lesson everyone's been asking for, so here it is! You can request more lessons at my website, http://www.engVid.com/
Pronunciation - 3 Mistakes part 2 ('t' & 'd')
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ This lesson is the second of a three-part series designed to give students more natural sounding English pronunciation, by correcting three common mistakes. This lesson focuses on understanding the T and D sounds.
Too or So?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Do you make "too" many mistakes or "so" many mistakes when speaking or writing in English? Watch this important grammar lesson and don't make any mistakes (with too and so) again! And don't forget to take the quiz: www.engvid.com/too-or-so/
English Grammar - Present Perfect Simple & Continuous
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ This free ESL lesson introduces the present perfect tense and its uses.
Reading Comprehension in English
 
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Instructions on how to understand what you read in English. We call this Reading Comprehension.
Could have, would have, should have - modals of lost opportunity
 
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http://www.engvid.com You had your chance... but you lost it. Now you have the chance to learn how to talk about lost opportunity in English! Master the usage of the modals could, should, and would. Learn how native speakers use these three modals to talk about what they could have, would have, or should have done -- but didn't! Then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/could-would-should-modals/ .
Conversation Skills - How to STEAL a conversation
 
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Want to join a conversation, but have a hard time getting your turn to speak? In this video, I'll show you two easy ways to join a conversation. I'll show you one dramatic way to steal a conversation, and another way which is more polite. You'll need to use different methods in different situations, so I'll tell you when each method is preferred. Conversations should be about the exchange of ideas, but sometimes it's hard to contribute your opinion. Check this lesson out so you're not stuck holding your tongue when you can add to a conversation! Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-how-to-steal-a-conversation/ TRANSCRIPT That's a really good point. And did you consider -- hey, listen. Hi. James, from EngVid. A lot of times, students want to learn conversational skills so they can start a conversation. But when they do start these conversations, they tend to find that they're not included. Today's lesson is how to include yourself. So it's a conversational skill about how to take a conversation or -- yeah. Take your part in a conversation. Are you ready? It's going to be fun. I'm going to teach you two techniques that have two different uses, all right? So you can see here, E is saying, "Wow, Bob. That's a good point, but --". And the second point he says is just, "Listen!" All right? Let's go to the board. The "listen" one is called a "single-word imperative". All right? Why do we use it? Well, you're in a conversation with somebody, and they're saying things you don't necessarily like, and they're talking, and they're talking fast and loud and being, you know, very demonstrative and showing their hands and talking. And you want to get in there, but you don't know how you can break into the conversation to say something or comment because maybe you don't like what they're saying. You do something like this: [snaps fingers] "Stop." What did I do? I just said, "Stop." One-word imperative. An "imperative" is an order. And the funny thing about the human brain is we've been trained since we were children to listen. Remember when you were running, and your parents would go, "Stop!" Or they would go, "Listen!" Or they would say, "No!" They didn't say sentences; they said one word. So we've been trained for this. But it's very blunt, and we use for children or even dogs. Okay? I'm not saying people are dogs. They're children. But it's very effective because we're conditioned for one-word imperatives. As you get older, we learn to be more polite. So you say, "Listen to me, please. Can you stop saying that, please?" We add politeness. But in a situation where you need to stop someone immediately, the one-word imperative works because it gets right to the point; it gets directly to the person. And what it does is -- look. It draws attention to the intended action. "I don't want you to stop talking. I want the conversation to go, but I want you to stop." Got it? So when I say "stop", you will stop speaking because you're going to be, in your brain, "Stop what? What am I doing?" And that gives an opening for me to come into the conversation. Or, "No." People are like, "No? No what?" Because you don't explain, it raises their curiosity, and they're like, "Why did you want them to stop? Why did you say 'listen'? Why did you say 'no'?" That stop in the conversation allows you to step into the conversation and say what you need to say, okay? See? Stops conversation. Words you can use as examples are "no", "stop", and "listen". And don't explain it. Because when you do say, "Listen to me, please. Listen to me", it's almost like you're saying, "You're not listening. It's not fair" and you're being a baby. Now, I'm telling you; this is kind of rude. So don't think I'm telling you this is a good way to start friends. That's why I said when you're in a situation where the person saying something you may not agree, like, "All women should not work", you might say, "Excuse me?" Don't say "excuse me"; just say, "Stop." They'll go, "What?" And then you go "boom". You say your part right there. Right? You can say it for almost anything. It's immediate, and it stops action. But it might be considered rude.
Improve your Vocabulary: Stop saying VERY!
 
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Using the same word again and again is boring, which is why native English speakers use a wide variety of vocabulary to express their thoughts and feelings. In this vocabulary lesson, I will teach you how to express yourself more effectively by replacing the word "very" with more precise and interesting adjectives. For example, you can replace "very cold" with "freezing". This illustrates your point more precisely. You will sound more natural and intelligent. Using these adjectives on the speaking section of IELTS and TOEFL exams will impress your examiner and improve your score. Watch the video to discover many more examples of this kind of vocabulary substitution. Variety is the spice of life! Next, watch my lesson on how to learn vocabulary FAST: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_aA-Hc74Ag TRANSCRIPT "Getting from here to there, it's been a long while." Oh, hi. My time is finally here. James from engVid. I can't believe this, this is like the Mirror Universe. If you watch Star Trek, you'll understand; if not, go watch Mirror Universe with Star Trek. I have two, look at them, I have two Mr. Es. In the first one Mr. E is hot, and the first one Mr. E is cold. Let's go to the board. E, what's up? "It's very hot. 35 degrees centigrade." You're right. I see you're wearing your Bermuda shorts. And the second E is saying he's very cold: "It's minus 30 degrees centigrade." Ow, this isn't good. I feel for you. But don't you think there are better ways to say it's very hot or it's very cold? I think so, and in today's lesson I'm going to teach some of you... Not some of you. I'm going to teach all of you how to get rid of the word "very" to describe everything, and use other words which give more information, which will make you sound more like a native speaker and make your writing phenomenal. Oh, "phenomenal"? That's a word for "very good". Are you ready? Let's go to the board. So, today's lesson is on "very". "Very" is a very good word, that's why we use it, but when you're writing, to hear somebody say: "Very, very, very, very, very, very, very, very" is what we call monotonous, it means "mono" as one, "tonous", one tone, one sound - very boring. So let's change that from you being... You know, using "very" because I teach and I notice a lot of students saying things, like: "Teacher, today it's very cold outside." I'm like: -"Yeah, it is." -"And I'm very tired and very hungry." I'm like: "Okay, okay." It's like being punched in the face again and again, and I just want to say: "Stop with the 'very'. Use a different word." But it's not fair because "very" is a very good word-there, I did it again-we just need to find other words to make your language sound richer to improve it so you sound more like a native English speaker, and to make it more interesting for you because it will express more of who you are and your ideas in a better way. It makes you unique. You ready? Let's go to the board. You'll notice I put "very" in red because this is something we don't want to do, we don't want to keep saying: "very". We want to change that up. And I'm going to give you a list of words that people or students usually say when they say "very" that I've heard many, many times. And maybe you've done this. And today I'm going to give you singular words to use instead. I'll explain them, just in case they're difficult. Let's start with the first one. People say: "Very rude", instead of saying that, you can say: "vulgar". "Vulgar" means very rude, and if somebody says to me: "Your language is vulgar", I'll probably stop talking because it means it's not right, it's inappropriate, it's very bad. Vulgar. "I don't like your vulgar tone", your rude tone. It's strong. "Very short", another word we say is "brief", which means small. We had a very brief... We had a very brief conversation, a very short conversation. Cool? "Boring". When you say: "Class was very boring today", you can say: "dull". "Dull" means very boring. It also means... See? Here's a bonus when you use these words, stupid. If you say someone is dull, you can say they're very boring, or dull meaning they're stupid. Don't use it like that too often; people don't like being called stupid. And if you say: "He's rather dull, isn't he?" I have to listen for context to mean stupid or boring. Next one, everybody's favourite: "Very good". "Teacher, the food is very good. The lesson is very good. I like this, it's very good." Why don't we change that to the word "superb"? Look carefully at the word "superb", you have the word "super" written inside it. "Super" means what? Above average, excellent, or superb, very good. "The food was superb." People don't usually use this word, so if you tell me when I cook for you that it's superb, I'm telling you right now I will take that as such an amazing compliment. Gentlemen, if you tell a woman she looks superb, she'll be like: "Thank you. Really?" Because no one says it. All right? […]
3 ways to use adverbs
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Understanding HOW TO USE ADVERBS will make you a better speaker and writer in English. Adverbs make simple and boring sentences interesting and nuanced. This lesson will teach you what adverbs are, when they are used, and how to use them to communicate more intelligently. http://www.engvid.com/3-ways-to-use-adverbs/
Need to, have to, must - modals of necessity
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ An important grammar lesson on the proper use of need to, have to, and must in English. Learn how to use these modals of necessity like native English speakers. I'll teach you when, how, and why to use them in this lesson. Then take a quiz at http://www.engvid.com/modals-of-necessity/ .
Fix Your Bad English
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Read this: After watching this video you will make less mistakes, learn farther and be the best between all your friends in English. The lesson will have a great affect on you. If you think these statements are correct, PRESS PLAY NOW and learn to fix six common mistakes in English. http://www.engvid.com/6-ways-to-fix-your-bad-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. James, from EngVid. Today's video is on, well, "The Book of Bad English". There are mistakes that native speakers make that ESL people pick up -- and "ESL" is "English as a Second Language". People learning English, they pick up because native speakers don't even know they're making this mistake. So I want to teach you six common ones that come regularly or happen regularly in conversation. And I want you to learn them and make your English perfect. Let's go to the board. Now, let's start with No. 1, one of my favorite ones: "amount" and "number". "Amount" is, sort of, like, "how much". A "number" is, you know, "thing". When we look at "amount", you can think of you can't count it, all right? A lot of times, when we say "amount" -- like, "I have a large amount of water in my house" -- you can't count water. But you can count a number, so: "The number of people who come to the city is in the thousands", so you can count them. Here's an example. Tell me if this is right or wrong. "The amount of students who are late is growing every day" or "the number of students who are late is growing every day." You should say "number" because you can count students. You can't count amount. That rhymes. Maybe that'll help, right? You can't count amount. You can't count amount. So when we want to talk about a number of something or a body of something, "amount" is for things you cannot count, and "number" is for things you can count. English people make this mistake a lot. Next: "among" and "between". When I used to teach "among" and "between", I would say, "'Among' is 'with'. So there're five chairs, and you're 'with' another. And 'between' is you're in the middle." That's it. Because I was so smart. And then I found out it's just this: two. More than two. That's it. Nothing special. When you talk about "between", except -- and this is a major exception -- when you're talking about differences. Differences you have to use "between". But generally speaking, "among" is more than two. "I was sitting among my friends at the bar." You can know there're probably four or five, not two. But "let's keep this between you and me"? A lot of times, Canadians say, "Let's keep this among us." And it's like, "Among who?" "The rest of those guys, you know. The Americans. They don't need to know this." Okay. So "between us" -- usually two, right? It could be two groups. "There was a fight between this country and that country." Right? Because it's two groups. But "among" is for more than two, cool? All right. So "among" -- more than two; "between" -- two. What about "bring" and "take"? This is something that a lot of students make a mistake on. So you say, "Bring this to me" or "take this to him." It's very easy. "Bring" is "to the speaker", okay? And "take" is "away from the speaker". Now, if you're born in England, that's easy because they always talk about "I want takeaway." Takeaway. Because they take the food away from the restaurant, right? So one of my favorite sayings that we say in England -- not England -- that we say here is, like -- watch every space movie: "Take me to your leader." You'll never see a space movie, unless it's made by me -- and it would say, "Bring me to your leader." We don't do that. You say, "Take them to the leader" because you're taking them away from this spot where the speaker is to a new location or spot. So "take" and "bring" are easy because it's "bring -- come towards". Here's a mistake -- not Canadians -- English speakers make that you should be aware of. They'll say something like, "Don't forget to bring your bag with you" instead of, "Don't forget to take your bag." Do you know what the difference is? Well, you're leaving, right? So you need to take it away. Remember I said "away from"? Take the bag away from you. When you say, "Bring the bag with you", the speaker's speaking, you're still moving away from the speaker, right? So you've got to use this. But Canadians and Americans and Brits say it a lot. They'll say, "Bring it with you." No. "Take" it with you. You know the difference now because you're smart. And you're studying from The Book of Bad English. Good for you. There's a worm in that book. Watch it. Okay. "Fewer" or "less". I'm going to make a statement, and think which one is correct. "'Fewer' than a million people have watched the videos on EngVid. 'Less' than a million people have watched the videos on EngVid." Which one would be correct? Yeah. If you said "less than", no. "Less" is similar to "amount". You say "fewer" for things you can count.
3 rules for improving your English immediately
 
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http://www.engvid.com I am going to teach you to improve your English by following three simple rules. Follow my "3Us" to start becoming more fluent in English today. http://www.engvid.com/3-rules-for-improving-your-english-immediately/
ONLY & JUST: What’s the difference?
 
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Do “only” and “just” mean the same thing? Well, sometimes they do and sometimes they don’t. Watch this video to find out when we use each word. I will teach you several ways to use these words in different contexts. I’ll also give you lots of examples, so that you understand when the words are used as adjectives and when they are adverbs. We will practice together first and then you’ll get a quiz to do on your own: https://www.engvid.com/only-just-whats-the-difference/ NEXT, watch these two important lessons I did: 1. MAKE or DO?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lvKA9rH_WlU&list=PL1MxVBsQo85pZXMyUuh-4tXB4Zv2oMDOS&t=0s&index=24 2. Sort of, kind of, style of, type of: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4kuhQzbc2Tw&list=PL1MxVBsQo85pZXMyUuh-4tXB4Zv2oMDOS&index=4 TRANSCRIPT: Coming soon!
Slang in English - SCREW
 
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http://www.engvid.com "You really SCREWED this up!" To sound like a native speaker, you have to use the language of a native speaker. This lesson is designed to help you learn everyday slang you can start using right now. I'll teach you eight different ways we use the word "screw" informally in English. Then test yourself with a quiz at http://www.engvid.com/english-slang-screw/ .
5 Common Direction Phrases in English: UPSIDE DOWN, INSIDE OUT...
 
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I have put together a vocabulary lesson on five phrases of direction in English. I will teach you the meaning of “inside out”, “round and round”, “flip-flop”, “upside down”, and “tip top”. Phrases of direction are useful because they express the direction of moving objects, but can also express the way in which abstract ideas change. For example, a fish will “flip-flop” on the ground, and you may flip-flop on choosing a restaurant for dinner. This means it is difficult for you to decide. I am here to help you make sense of this topsy-turvy topic. Watch all the way to the end because there will be two bonus phrases for you to learn that will help you sound like a native English speaker. Don't forget to take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/common-direction-phrases-in-english/ After that, watch my lesson on common DOWN phrasal verbs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EneAhyJI96M TRANSCRIPT I'm having a hard time reading this book, E. It's all upside down. Oh, you're having the same problem. Hi. James from engVid. E and I are having a problem because he's looking at himself in the mirror, and his head is in the wrong place. His head should be here, but it's on the bottom. And I'm reading this book and I don't understand the words, because the words are in the wrong place; they're all upside down. You know what? That's probably one of the phrases that we use in English that confuses many people who are learning the language, because the words are all, well, kind of topsy-turvy. You know? Don't make sense. Today's lesson, I'm going to show you five common things that we say, and they are direction related, which they do give us an idea of what direction things are going in, except we often say it without thinking that you won't understand because we use them only in this manner, in a certain way. Let's go to the board and take a look. E's having problems because his picture or his mirror is upside down. My book was upside down. What does that mean, exactly? Let's start with the first thing. I've got one "inside-out". Here's my shirt. I was going to wear it, but you can see it. This is the right way to wear the shirt. When it's inside-out, you will notice... There we go. Now it's the wrong way because you can see the label. Have you ever worn your shirt inside-out by accident, and someone has to go: "Ahem. Your shirt's inside-out"? You're like: "Oh god! It is! It's terrible! I never thought about it!" it means the in part is on the outside. Funny enough, this is usually when people wear their clothes incorrectly, but we have another way of using it. When you say: "I know something inside-out", it means: I know everything about it because I know every small part, from the inner part - the smallest part to the bigger part. So, I say: "I know this book inside-out." I know everything about this book. So, listen for context, because if they: "Hey, son. Your underwear is inside-out", it doesn't mean: You know everything about underwear; it means you should take it off and put it on properly. Okay? But if you know a book inside-out... You see this? This is the outside of the book; this is the inside of the book. So, when saying: "I know this book inside-out", it means I know all of the information on the inside, right to the outside. Cool, huh? One thing and you've learned two things. Let's see what else we can learn. So, listen for that when English people speak. They go... If they say to you: "I know everything about this company inside-out; I know everything about this company, from the floor, who cleans it, how they make the money - I know everything." But if my shirt is inside-out, I need to go home and change. I like that one. Let's look at number two. Round and round you're calling me, doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. Dah-dah-dah-dah. Dah-dah-dah... Yeah, it's an old song. Yup. Anyway, that's a song. "Round and round", it means to go in a circle, moving in a circle. If you say: "We've had this conversation for, like, 20 minutes, and we're just going round and round the same things", it means the conversation isn't getting any... Nothing new is coming; we're just talking about the same things again, and again, and again. Like a CD. Hopefully you know what a CD is, because everyone streams now. Or a DVD, it goes around and around. So, a lot of times, in English, people go: "We've been through this before; we just go round and round the same conversation." It means: Nothing is new; we just move in a circle, like my poor dogs who are confused and going in different directions. And they're like: "Round and round. No, that's not round; it's the..." Yeah. You got it. Okay. Number two. So, things, when you hear a Canadian or a Canadian English person... English speaker go: "Why are we going around and around the same thing?" They should say "round in a circle". They won't say "circle", usually; they'll just say "round". […]
Vocabulary - REMEMBER, RECALL, REMIND
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ 'Remember', 'recall', and 'remind' are three words in English that are very similar, so a lot of students mix them up. But each one of these words has a specific meaning. Watch and study this vocabulary lesson so that you won't forget where each one of these words should be used. Take a quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-remember-recall-remind/
Speaking English - Say, Tell, Hear, Listen - How to use them correctly
 
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http://www.engVid.com/ I hear a lot of students making mistakes with these four simple words: 'say', 'tell', 'hear', and 'listen'. In this lesson, I explain how to use them correctly.
5 common mistakes in spoken English
 
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http://www.engvid.com Other or another? Make or do? Fun or funny? In this lesson, I'm going to teach you how to avoid FIVE very common mistakes in spoken English. I'll go over five confusing pairs of words, and tell you when each word should be used. Take ten minutes to watch this class and improve your spoken English immediately. Then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/5-common-spoken-english-mistakes/ !
"DOWN" Phrasal Verbs in English: close down, bring down, break down...
 
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You've never learned phrasal verbs like this before! In this video, you'll learn the ideas behind phrasal verbs with the word "down" in them. You'll learn "close down", "bring down", "shout down", and many more. Most importantly, I always want you to learn the hidden meanings of words so that you can understand them when you hear them out of context, in a way you haven't seen them before. I'll go over examples for how these phrasal verbs are used in conversation and we'll practice using them together on the whiteboard. Then test your understanding with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/down-phrasal-verbs-in-english/
How to use NO & NOT in English
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this English grammar lesson, I give you some clear rules you can follow on when to use 'no', and when to use 'not'. After the class, take the free quiz at http://www.engvid.com/how-to-use-no-not-in-english/ Oh, one note: in the lesson, I suggest not using these words in the same sentence. To be clear, they should usually not be used together in the same *clause*.
Learn English: MAKE or DO?
 
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"Stop making mistakes" or "stop doing mistakes? "Do" and "make" are some of the most used verbs in English, but they are regularly confused by English learners. I'm going to teach you the logic of when to use "make" and when to use "do". Watch this lesson and you'll understand how to use these verbs correctly. You'll also learn collocations: words that often go with "make" and "do", like "do the dishes", "do your homework", "make dinner", "make a call", and many more. Learning to use these two simple words correctly will make you sound much more fluent to native English speakers, so don't miss out! https://www.engvid.com/make-or-do/ TRANSCRIPT "To be or not to be?" that is the qu-... No, it's not the question. You are here to learn a lesson. Hi. I'm James from engVid, and today's lesson is going to be on "do" or "make". Well, why am I doing this lesson? Many students make a mistake with these two verbs. Okay? And the problem is native speakers almost never make this mistake, and as soon as you make this mistake we will know that you are just learning English or low-level English. So this lesson will help you fully understand how to use it so that you can start speaking like a native speaker right away. Now, in order to do that we have to clearly know what the difference is between "do" and "make", and then give examples of how we use them. I'll also give you collocations. Collocations are words that go with "do" and "make" regularly so you know even if you're having a difficult time, when you say something like: "cake", you're going to say "do" or "make". Let's find out in five seconds, shall we? Let's go to the board where I'll break down what "do" is and give you examples; what "make" is, give you examples; then I'll give you those collocations and a short quiz. All right. E, what is it, "do" or "make"? When I makes me a cake, do I do me a cake or make me a cake? Well, let's find out. If an action is repetitive, something you do on a regular basis, we're going to use the verb "do". Now, I should note very quickly here I am not going to talk on the auxiliary, like: "Do you like that?" I'm not going to ask these questions. We have other videos, so please go to engVid, go check them out, and they'll clearly do... Do, [laughs]. Show you the uses of "do" as the auxiliary. Okay? This is specifically how you understand it. If something is done repetitively, we use "do", which is true for most simple present verbs. When we talk in the simple present it's about repeated actions. So, "do" is no different from that. Okay? Obligation. An obligation might be something like I do homework every night. It's a thing I must do. Okay? So we use it for obligation. Multiple actions. Now, listen to me carefully. "I do the dishes." I'll give you a visual representation or a visual picture of it in a second, but I want you to understand the concept. A lot of times in English we use what's called "shorthand". Instead of saying every verb that I'm going to do, what I do is I use... Or I even said it here, replacing verbs. We put the verb "do" in and it talks about several actions in one go. Here's an example for you: When I do the dishes, I wash them, I dry them, I put them away. Notice there are three verbs. I don't want to say when someone says, like E goes: "Did you do the dishes?" Go: "Yes, I wash the dishes, I dry the dishes, I put the dishes away." They'll go: -"You new to Canada, correct?" -"Yes, very correct." Okay, so I said: "I'll do the dishes" or "I do the dishes". So, even under obligation I said: "I do the dishes every night", that's my obligation. And it's these actions I'm talking about. Repetitive because I do it every night, I repeat it. Okay? Multiple actions, so I've just went through, and replacement of verbs. This is similar to multiple actions, but you can use the verb "to do" to replace one verb, like: "Hey, man. I got to do my hair tonight." That means "fix", that might be cut my hair, it might be wash my hair, but when I got to do my hair, I got to do my hair, and do my nails. That means cut and clean. It's not saying multiple verbs. It's just replacing one verb, but we can put "do" in there and it replaces that verb, and we understand what it means. Is there something you have to do? Okay, I've killed that. Right? So why don't we go to "make"? "Make". "Make" is create, when you create something. Creation comes from it didn't exist and now it does. You create. That's making. And when I say "create", there's a big difference between the two. Okay? Notice when we talked about "do" we talked about repetitive, obligation, multiple actions, dah-dah-dah-dah. It's a verb of action and so is "make", but the difference is this: When I talk about "do", you can't see it. Sorry, you can see it, but you can't touch it. You can see me washing, but you can't touch me washing the dishes. It doesn't make sense.
Basic English vocabulary for restaurants
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Eating in a restaurant can be a fun thing to do with friends, but if you are just learning English all the new words can be confusing. Watch and learn what an "appetizer" is and how to change your "order", and before you know it you will be "fine dining" with the best of them. Take the quiz for this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/basic-english-vocabulary-restaurants/ TRANSCRIPT Party of two, your table is ready, party of two. Okay, and these are your drinks, sir. There you go. Enjoy your meal. Bon appétit! Hi. James, from EngVid. When I'm not making videos, I need to make money, and this lesson, actually, is about restaurants. I used to be a waiter when I was younger, so I've been in many a restaurant, and I know it might be difficult for you when you -- I mean, you're coming to a new country. I'll slow it down for you because this is basic. You're coming to a new country, and you want to enjoy something. You want to have a meal out of your house. You know -- meal, dinner, or lunch or breakfast. And you go to the restaurant and then somebody walks up to you with, "party of", "table of", "And what would you like for appetizers?" "Would you like an app?" "Would you like this?" "Well, how about your main?" "What about this?" No! Please, don't. So let's slow it down. Let's make it basic, so when you enter a restaurant, you can right away know what they're talking about. Now, there're other things -- you know, we don't have everything in here. There are two other videos on restaurants that you can go watch on EngVid, but this is basic. But even if you think, "Oh, I know all this stuff. I'm very good", you might learn a thing or two. Okay? So come watch. So let's start off first. The worm has a drink. One of the first things they're going to come up to you depending -- and see, I don't know if you know this. There's "fine dining", "casual dining", and "fast food". First thing you should know, so where are you going? "Fast food" is like McDonald's, Taco Bell -- [coughs] that's not food -- Taco Bell, Subway -- most of this won't apply, okay? But some of these words, like -- well, we'll get there -- will apply, and I'll let you know. "Casual dining" is like Chili's or Montana's. I mean these are restaurants in the United States and Canada, so don't worry, but it's all similar. It means you can wear something like I'm wearing: jeans -- there you go. I'm getting old. Can't lift that leg up -- or a T-shirt, and it's okay. No one's going to complain, okay? And you can sit down. Not like McDonald's. You can sit down with a knife and fork, and you can eat your dinner. Or -- then you have "fine dining". "Fine dining" is when the people wear what we call "penguin suits". They have a tie and a shirt, and they walk up, and they serve on tables. Okay? But you need a reservation, and it's mucho dinero mis amigos, mucho, mucho dinero. For the rest of you, it's lots of money. "Fine dining" -- "fine" means "expensive", and you usually require a reservation to get a table. So let's just go with casual, because casual is where most can go. Even if you're in a foreign country and there are people who serve tourists, they're going to go mostly to casual, not necessarily fine dining, so I'm sticking with casual, all right? So casual -- McDonald's we know you just walk in. And here's something -- and McDonald people you can thank me. Next time you go, don't watch them and say, "Give me Big Mac. Give me French fries. And that I want." Try to say, "may I" or "can I have". People who work in the service industry -- which is what the restaurant industry is, where they serve you -- they want a little politeness, so try "can I have" and "may I have". You'll be surprised at how much better they serve you or treat you. Now let's go to the board with the worm, who is providing drinks. One of the first things you come in and you come to a restaurant, they might say to you, "party of" or "table for". And you're going to say, "What?" Well, "party of" -- I know you're not like, "Fiesta time, baby! Yeah, we're going to party, going to be drinking" -- no. What they mean is you are a group of people, and how many are in the group. So "party of two" or "party of four" means there are two -- you can say, "There are two in my party" or four. "There are two of us", or "there are four of us", or ten, okay? Then it's a "partay". It's not a "party"; it's a "partay". Now, "table of" means the same thing, or "table for", "table for". And they mean, for -- I did a video where I talked about "for" means "receive". Go look at it. "For" means "to receive", so "table for four people", so "table for four", "table for five" -- this is four. How many people? That's easy. And that's when they're sitting in the front. That's the first thing they will ask you. Then they will bring you to your table. And they're going to give you something called a "menu".
Pronunciation Tricks - The Magic E
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Is it "fat" or is it "fate"? If you want to know the correct pronunciation, watch this lesson, and learn how "the magic E" in English can tell us how to pronounce other sounds in a word! It sounds complicated, but it's actually really easy once you learn the trick. Watch the lesson, then test your knowledge with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/pronunciation-tricks-the-magic-e/
Speaking English - DEAL expressions - "big deal", "deal with it"...
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ What's the "BIG DEAL" about this lesson? Well, if you want to be a "big deal", watch this English lesson and find out when 'deal' is used to talk about importance or a problem. I'll teach you eight different ways to use "DEAL"! Press play right now and say "DEAL ME IN, JAMES!" And don't forget to take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-deal-expressions/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. James from www.engvid.com. And this lesson is brought to you by Eddie Lucas Mens, from Facebook. Eddie, thanks a lot. It seems Eddie didn't know how to deal with it when he couldn't understand when people told him, "Deal with it." So we made a deal to help him learn, okay? And Eddie said, "Deal me in, dude." Okay. So these are idioms that have to do with the word "deal". Well, first of all, if you don't know what a deal is, none of this is going to make sense. And there're two very important ones you have to know. Funny, the second for the idioms is more important than the first one. And the first one -- well, you can see Mr. E, he's shaking hands with a human. Okay. Because he's as big as a human. Human. I think that's how he sounds when he speaks, "Human make deal with Mr. E." Sounds like a Russian on steroids. Okay. No, just kidding. It's a bad Russian account, I don't know. So, here we go. Here's Mr. E making a deal. It's an agreement, an agreement that must benefit. So when you make a deal, it means "it's good for me; it's good for you." It's a "deal", okay. When it's not a deal it means something -- one person or a party is not getting something out of it that's good. But funny enough -- and I should say this is the official version when people say, "We made a deal", they're talking about this. But a lot of the idioms really have to do with this one, which is funny: "to give out cards in a game". If you like playing poker -- you know, poker -- and there's, you know, the heart card -- there you go. You play a game. When you play that game you give out cards. And when you give out cards -- when you receive these cards, you have what's called your "hand". And this is what you have to "deal with". And that's what I'm going to explain. This is what you have to "deal with". It's what you have. You don't have anything else. You must make these cards work the best for you, all right? And that's what a lot of these idioms are about. So let's start with it. You meet somebody. And they're in a bad mood. You might say, "What's their deal?" It means, in that case, "What's their problem?" They got cards and maybe they're, like, "My cards are bad. I'm not happy." And you go, "What's their deal?" Of course, you don't know their deal because you don't know their cards. And that's where I have -- has to do with giving out cards, right? But it's not just for that. When we say "What's his deal, or her deal, or their deal", we mean, "What's their problem, or what's their situation", right? You might see someone drive up in a Mercedes looking good. You go, "What's his deal?" He owns IBM. Stocks in Microsoft -- rich. That's his deal. He got what we call a good hand in cards. Everything is good for him, right? The other problem -- person with the problem -- got a bad set of cards. All right? So next one, when somebody says, "Deal with it" -- I'm going to go back to the cards analogy. "Analogy" means when you take two things and you try and, you know, you tell a story to explain something else. It's an analogy. It's not necessarily true. It's just to explain something. And I told you at the beginning, and I'll repeat: Most of these will have to do with to give out cards because we talk about fate or what you've been given, and you must use. There will be one about dealing. Don't worry, okay? So when you say, "Deal with it", once again, these are the cards you've got, and you're like, "It's not fair. I don't have the good cards. Johnny has all the good cards." And somebody says, "Deal with it." What they're saying is, "That's the reality. That's the situation. It's your problem. There's nothing we're going to do about it. Stop complaining and just move on from here." Wow. That's tough isn't it? Yeah. Just deal with it. Next -- remember we talked about cards? "Deal me in." Well, Mr. E's watching the card game. James is playing. He sees me get money, and he's like, "I like that game. I want to be part of that game." Well, then you need your own cards. So somebody has to give you cards, right? That's what we mean by "Deal me in." When you say, "I'm having pizza tonight", and you go, "Deal me in", it means, "I want some pizza. I want to be part of it. I want to join the poker game." It's not poker, remember. It's just -- we're talking about cards, and that word analogy. We're talking about one thing to explain another. So someone says, "Deal me in", it means, "Let me be part of this." Okay?
Learn English Grammar: Modals - "could" or "should"?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Expectation is what we think could or should happen. But COULD and SHOULD are not the same! This important grammar lesson will teach you how to use these modals correctly, like a native English speaker. You SHOULD take the quiz to test yourself! http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-grammar-modals-could-or-should/ TRANSCRIPT What's up, Mr. E? We could be finished in 20 minutes, is that right? Oh, hi. James, from EngVid. Mr. E and I were talking about something. We're having a little disagreement. Well, not a disagreement, but a conversation. I think this lesson could be about five, ten minutes. He said it should be 15. That's a standard lesson length. What's the difference? I don't know. Why don't we go to the board and find out? If this looks familiar, it should be. This is the -- "it should be". See? This is the second lesson of modals that we're doing. The first one we did was excuses. Yeah? You could've taken that lesson. If you haven't, close this one down; watch that; and come back to this one. This one is actually on expectation. You know? Sometimes, people make excuses for not doing stuff. And other times, our expectations are what we think should happen in the future or could happen. This lesson will help you find out how native speakers use modals in a little different way than you're used to or in the usual grammar setting. Okay? So let's go to the board. Once again, quickly we'll go over it. What do modals do? Well, modals talk about obligations or possibilities, right? Possibility indicates future. Future. When we talk about what's possible. An obligation is what you should do. So if you mix those together, that's what an expectation is -- is what is possible and what we think people or things should do or happen. Right? Your obligation or the obligation. But let's take a look at this here. Let's go to the board, okay? First of all, when we talk about modals, which I've just done -- you know, they express future possibility or obligations. Let's look at the verb "to be" or the Be verb. The Be verb is about relative truth. And you're probably going to say to me, "What the hell is relative truth?" Well, relative truth is somebody believes it's true, and it depends where you sit. Right now, you're looking at me, and I'm a tall guy. I'm skyscraper tall. I'm a giant. But only if you're this tall. If you can't see me, it's because I'm a very tiny little man looking up at Big James. Understand? So relatively speaking, if you're this big, anything this big is big. But anything this big, big, big, big, big, big is bigger than this. Understand? "Relative" means it depends on who is looking at it, right? If you're 60, 40 is young. If you're 40 years old, 20 is young. And if you're 10, they're all old, okay? Relative truth. Where do you sit? So that's what the Be verb means. So once we put a modal, okay, with the Be verb, it changes it. It gives it a different meaning. And what we want to look at now is what does that mean, this change, or how does it change it? And the video before, I mentioned, we noticed how we use it for excuses. In this one, we're going to see how we think the future should be or could be, all right? Let's go. So what is -- the modal should mean? Well, "should" is what we usually think -- "should" is what is right, okay? We think it is right or probable, most likely to happen, or the correct or right thing to do. That's why we use it as an advice modal. "You should go to school. You should eat your dinner. You should shut up." Okay? We use it as advice. The last one is strong advice. Okay? And "could" is possible. What's possible? You could be talking to me live if you come to Canada. Or you could be dreaming this whole thing. Press reset and see if that's the case. But no. "Could" is what's possible -- possible to happen, okay? Now, if you add this Be verb to "should", we get this particular thing. See, here's the Be verb because Be is believe, remember? Your perspective; what you believe. "I should + be -- I believe this is right or probable." "You should be a better student. I believe this. And I think it's possible -- probable or right. If you studied harder" -- by saying "studied harder", I think this is what is probable or the correct thing. Right? But "possible", which is similar, but not the same -- let's not forget -- it's what's possible. "I believe this is possible." "I believe we could be the greatest nation on Earth", says Obama. He should've said something else. Notice I didn't say "should be"; I said "shoulda". Different. Anyway. So here, we've got what is possible versus what is probable. It seems simple and easy, and it is. So why don't we just use one? And there's a reason for it. Remember, I said this one has "probable" and "right"? And that's with "should"? Well, when people say "should" in English -- like, "you should be" versus "could be" -- what is actually we think is more accurate or more likely to happen.
English Grammar - "I used to" & "I'm used to"
 
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This lesson outlines the difference between "used to" and "I'm used to". http://www.engvid.com/
Alright or All right?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Is it "all right" to use "alright" when you are writing? If the answer is yes, when is it "alright"? Watch this lesson and you will always know the right answer!!! Afterwards, if you're all right with it, take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/alright-all-right/
How to talk about DEATH in English
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Death is a part of life, but do you have the vocabulary you need to talk about it? In this lesson, I teach you everything you need to know to talk about death and dying, so that you can express yourself fully when you have to. You'll also learn some culturally accepted phrases which are used in many English speaking countries. Whether you are going to a funeral, or speaking to a friend who has lost someone, dealing with death can be unpleasant. Let's make sure that your English isn't the worst part of it! http://www.engvid.com/how-to-talk-about-death-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT [Sings] That's like the funeral march from Star Wars. If you know Darth Vader, "Luke, I am your father." And I am James, from EngVid. And I'm going to talk about, well, not a happy subject, but a subject we should talk about nonetheless. "Nonetheless" means "anyway", right? So what are we talking about? Death. In this case, it's Mr. D has died. Long live Mr. E. You may not have met Mr. D. He's from an unsuccessful website that was started and died. That's why he's gone. The king is dead. Long live the king. Mr. E is here. Right, E? Props. Okay. So let's talk about death. And I may be smiling too much and laughing too much, but you know what? Around the world, there are different ways to talk about or deal with death. And we're going to talk about a couple of different ways. But I'm going to give you the basic Western way of looking at death, okay? Now, number one, this person is dead -- well, this worm is dead. One of the things we say when someone dies -- we say this: pass away. If someone has "passed away", they've died. We don't always want to go, "Did he die? Is he dead yet?" You know? It kind of seems as little bit like, "Back up. Slow down." So we say they "pass away" like a gentle breeze. They fly away. Their soul goes, right? So if you say, "Johnny, Mr. D passed away last week", it means he died. So listen for Canadians when they say that, or Americans or British people. Did they "pass away". Or they might also say it this way. They might say "gone". "When did they go? Are they gone?" You're like, "No. Still dead." Sorry. That's bad. Okay. Enough "levity", which is fun or making light of something, okay? So let's talk about death. So if someone's gone or passed away, one of the things we like to say is "R.I.P.", R.I.P. Some people rip one, but that's not what I'm talking about. "R.I.P." as in "rest in peace". You usually say that when you give your condolences. "Condolences." All these words. "Condolences." What is a "condolence"? A "condolence" is when you say, "I'm sorry about your loss." Usually for death. "I'm sorry your father has died. I'm sorry your mother has died. I'm sorry." It's a big sorry, condolence. "Do you have any condolences? Or I'd like to give my condolences. "All right? So they've died. They're resting in peace. Hopefully, they were good, right? Rest in peace, because they look so happy. Right? And you give your condolences. Guess what? You're not done. Unlike a wedding -- because funerals are like reverse weddings except the person gets to live through it. You've got to go to the funeral, right? Usually, before the funeral -- or part of the funeral -- is the viewing. Notice we have these people watching a picture? Well, this is when you go and see the person in their casket. See? Mr. D is in a casket. That's the thing we put them in after they die. They die; we put them in a casket. And then, you can go to a viewing. The "viewing" is you walk by -- yes. Believe it. There's a dead body -- okay. Look. Picture this. There's a dead body in the room. There are people dressed in shirts and ties like this. They walk by, and they look at the dead person. And they say things like, "I'm sorry you're dead. It was nice knowing you. Rest in peace. See you later, Chuckles." Or, "You're next." Right? So you view. You take a look at the dead body, okay? Another word to say besides that is -- because some people say -- oops. Sorry. I want to say "coffin". C-o-f-f-i-n, "coffin". A "coffin". So a "casket", "coffin". Another way of saying what this is, okay? They say, "Look at the coffin", or you buy the casket -- you buy the casket. When you put the body in it, it become a "coffin". That's the difference. You say, "How much is the casket?" Coffin. Rest in peace, dude. Okay. So not everybody goes through this process. And we'll get to that after. But you go for the viewing. You look at the person in their coffin. All right? Now, what are you going to do with this thing? Well, you're going to have to put it in the ground. And that's what we call the "burial". We bury it. We put it. You go there. They pick up the earth. They put the coffin in the ground, and they bury it. Okay? That's what we basically call the "basic funeral". Notice these people don't look happy because there's no fun in a funeral, Son. Yeah. Okay. Moving on. Bad joke, bad joke. Okay.
11 PHRASAL VERBS with FILL: fill in, fill out, fill up...
 
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Do we say "fill out" or "fill in" a form? Do you "fill up" or "fill in" your gas tank? In this lesson, I will teach you 11 ways to use "fill" in phrasal verbs. When you combine "fill" with three prepositions, you get the common expressions "fill up", "fill out", and "fill in". Each one of these has several different meanings and can be used in different contexts. Watch the lesson to fill up on new knowledge, and then fill out the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/11-fill-phrasal-verbs/ to test your understanding of the material. NEXT, watch these other lessons for more important English expressions: 1. English Expressions: Talking about good and bad habits: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J622HQz79QY&index=7&list=PLs_glF4TIn5bEURiUZr-gfD5Za9S4BBpp 2. 10 "TIP" Expressions in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHP0T_CKlSg&index=15&list=PLs_glF4TIn5bEURiUZr-gfD5Za9S4BBpp TRANSCRIPT So, we got to hold on to what we got. It doesn't make a difference if we... E, what are you doing? Want to fill me in? Oh, thanks: Today's lesson. Hi. James from engVid. Today's lesson is on "fill", a common verb that we use in English and has many different meanings when we put it with prepositions. In other words, this lesson that I'm going to fill you in on is on phrasal verbs with "fill". Okay? I'm going to use three prepositions to show you the different ways we use it, and give you, you know, the bonus and that a little bit later on. Let's go to the board. So: "Fill in the blank" is the first one. Some of you, if you've been to English-speaking countries, have heard this before; maybe not. But let's look: What does the word "fill" mean? First of all, it's a verb, and it means to put somebody or something in a space, a situation, or a container so it is completely or almost completely full. So, an example is: If you were to have a cup of coffee and you said: "Fill it up", they would take the coffee from here and put it in this space or container, and make it go up. Okay? Cool. Let's go to the board and see what else we can do. I'm going to start with "up". "Up" is a direction, and it means to increase. Right? So when someone, for instance, says: "Fill up"-in this case: "Fill up my car"-it means make it completely full. If you are going on a long journey or destination and you are taking your car with you, you might want to fill up the gas. In this case, make it full. Right? Now, "fill up" also could be for food. "I don't want to fill up on French fries before I get my salad", that means be completely full. Right? "I'm going to fill up my schedule for next week", make it completely full. Now, another one with "up" is to "fill up on". It means to have as much of something, as much of something as possible. The example I gave you with French fries: "I need to fill up on fruits today; I didn't have enough yesterday." That means to have one thing and be completely full of it. Cool? All right. So, we could say: "We need to fill up on groceries before we go on vacation", completely, right? Get as much as possible of this thing. The next one we'll do is "out": "fill out". "Fill out" can be complete the needed information. When you go to the government and you have to do a form, and they say: "Please fill this out", they will give you a piece of paper and there will be places where you might have to put your name, your address, and all sorts of information that they require in order to help you. So: "Fill that out, please." When you go to the doctors the first time, usually they say: "Please fill out this form", and you put down all of your information. So, "to fill out" means to completely put in... Complete needed information for a form or paper. Okay? Another one for "fill out" is this: To grow or get larger. When you're young, say you're a young boy, you're usually very small. And when you become a man, we say you fill out; you get your muscles, you get bigger, and you get stronger. Also, when you go to the gym, sometimes you need... You will fill out. You will go to the gym for one month, two months, three months - nothing happens. And then one day, people will say: "You filled out. Look at your big, wonderful muscles." They've gotten bigger. Cool? So, in this case: Complete the form; and this one: To grow larger - we grow. Cool? Third one. "Fill in". Now, you will notice that "fill in" and "fill out" are similar for the first ones; complete needed information and complete needed information. In this case, when someone says: "Please fill in the form" they usually are referring to the blanks, the empty spaces; while in "fill out", they mean the whole form. Think of "larger", they want the big thing completed; while in "fill in", they're saying: "Fill in each blank." All right? Next: "fill someone in". To fill someone in is to give them information. Let's say Mr. E went to a meeting. […]
Learn English: 3 easy ways to get better at speaking English
 
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There are easy ways to learn English, and here are 3 methods NOT taught in language schools or textbooks. These methods are fun, fast, and easy to learn! You will learn how to make studying English easier, and learn how to spend less time studying. Take this lesson and learn the secrets to getting better in English right now. "The Prosperity Plan." It's empty. Why? Well, hi. James, from EngVid. I have a book, and it says "Prosperity Plan". I know you're here to learn English. This is a book full of secrets on how to make millions of dollars. Empty. That's because when people tell you there's a secret, there's not really a secret; there's a method behind something, and you may not know it, so to you it's a secret, but you know, just like that book, there are no secrets. The only one is hard work. Let's look at the three methods I have for you today in order to learn English, okay? Call them the "Secrets you need to know" because most people don't know them because the funny thing is, although they're not secret -- I said it again -- they're not methods that are usually taught in ESL books. The Kaizen Method, the Process Method, and the Writing Method are actually books I read on something completely different. But what I found was they were very, very handy for learning English. Personally, I'm trying to learn Spanish, and when I apply these different methods, I found my learning going faster and faster, and I actually enjoyed it. So I called them "secret" for you because I'm quite sure that your teachers haven't sat down and gone, "Today, we're going to learn the Kaizen Method of English. Then, we'll do the Process Method, and then we'll do the Writing Method." No. Because they're actually three different books, all right? So I'm just going to give you a part of each book, and if I come across to the end, I'll give you another lesson on it, all right? But these are three things I liked out of these books. All right. Let's start from the first one, the Process Method. I know -- and it's in red, and I start here why? Most of the times people are learning a language, they want to -- and this is what the Process Method is about. People start with "product", "product". What is a "product"? A "product" is something you can touch or hold. This marker is a product. But this isn't how the marker started. I'm sorry. Okay, the marker started a little differently. I mean, that's an alcohol base that I'm sniffing. When I go [inhales], there's liquid in here. This is plastic -- came from oil. So why I'm telling you all these things -- you're going, "Why are you telling me?" Well, things start in a certain way, but they end up like this. In fact, you can think of the Process Method versus product as being a tree and being a seed. And a seed, you know, little thing, you put it in the ground, and it grows into a tree. Well, when you have a seed, the seed has no idea that it's going to be a tree and a big tree -- how long it will take. But humans are funny. They want to start a language, and they think right away, "I'm going to learn English." And then, they sit down; they open the book; they open the book; "I'm going to learn English. I'm learning English. I'm learning English." And then they get upset one hour later. "I don't know any English. I don't speak English." Well, it's like being a human. You start as a baby, you grow to an adult. When we talk about the Process Method, what you want to do is don't think about you want to speak English. Yes, I know. That's why you're watching this video and why you're studying. Think more about what you're doing while you're studying English. And this is called the "process". Go into the step. Concentrate on what you're doing. You'll find a couple of things happen: Sometimes you'll say English is hard or it's boring. If you do this method, you'll actually stop finding it hard or boring, and you'll enjoy it because you'll be working on something specific, mastering that, and then you're going to start noticing that the final product -- English -- is coming to you. And it will come faster than you think. Why? Well, if you're thinking, "I don't understand this English", you're focusing, really, on you don't understand English or you don't know English. You're not focusing on what you're doing. If you take a breath [inhales] and go [exhales], "Okay. I'm just watching this video of this crazy guy who speaks very quickly in English, and just now, he told me to take a breath. Oh, okay. I understand." And you're ahead. That's the Process Method. Take time to actually go back -- when you're thinking about it's hard; it's difficult or boring -- and say to yourself, "What am I doing now?" And then look at that. Each time you do that, you get further in the process and you will end up with a product before you know it. Okay? Sounds simple, but try it. You can even do this on a date. That's another story.
How to Write an Effective Essay: The Introduction
 
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http://www.engvid.com Learn the method for writing the perfect essay introduction. A good introduction makes writing an essay easy and reading it fun. AND YOU'LL GET A BETTER GRADE, TOO! Afterwards, test yourself with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/effective-essay-introduction/#quiz.
English Grammar: Correlative Conjunctions (NEITHER & NOR, EITHER & OR, BOTH & AND...)
 
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Neither & nor, either & or, both & and, not only & but. These are "correlative conjunctions". You've probably learned to memorize these pairs, but I'm going to teach you to UNDERSTAND when and how to use them. Instead of focusing heavily on grammar rules, join me and we'll talk about the situations where these correlative conjunctions are used in English. You'll learn how these pairs can be used to express choice, surprise, inclusion, or negation. It may sound difficult, but trust me, you'll understand it in no time. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-correlative-conjunctions/ USING COMMAS WITH CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdGG2uJt5js TRANSCRIPT Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. Ex my... "Neither you nor your hairy-ass friend can come to my party!" E! That's so rude. Hi. James from engVid. Today's lesson is going to be on correlative conjunctions, or let's say conjunctive pairs to make it simple. Mr. E made a statement where he said two things using two words to bring two statements together, two related ideas and brought them together. In this case: "you" and "your hairy-ass friend". I want to go to the board and I want to explain the correlative conjunctions to you, because I know conjunctions you've heard of, but this will be a little twist that can add to your English to make it more advanced. Are you ready? Let's go to the board. All right, so E talked about correlative conjunctions, and what I want to do is just go over conjunctions basically to you. Okay? So, conjunctions like: "for", "so", "because", "and", and "or" are easy. You know, they're everyday words. You say them regularly. "My friend and I", "You", or "Him", or "Her". Right? And we use these to join words, clauses, and phrases together. Right? "The people I saw and my best friends were happy." Okay? So, a correlative conjunction is the same kind of thing as, like, your joining statements, but they're of... Sorry. "Of", not "or". Of related information. And when they come together... When I say pairs, it's like imagine a boy and a girl together and they're a happy couple, they work together. Okay? So, "either", "or" is one of the first examples. You've seen "either". Right? Or you've seen "or", but what I want to talk about is "either", "or". In "either", "or" it gives you a choice. "Either you pay me the money now or I break your legs." You have a choice; whether you like that choice or not, it's a choice. The second one is also... Is: "not only", "but also". It's about surprise. In the first case we're saying: "Not only was she happy"-there was a surprise-"but she also got married", there's even more surprise. So, in this correlative pair we talk about the idea of surprise. You put this plus this, there's a surprise, plus more surprise. In our third case we talk about negation. That's what I was talking about, Mr. E here said: "Not you, nor your friend". A lot of students have a problem with "neither", "nor" or "neither", "nor". By the way, they're the same thing. You'll hear people say: "Neither this" or "nor". My idea on that or my take on that is this: A lot of educated people will say: "Neither", and it's more British. And Americans tend to say: "Neither" more. Is there really a grammatical difference? Not at all, but just keep that in mind that if you hear someone say: "Neither" they probably have gone to university, a little bit more educated, and "neither" is just more commonplace. It's not better, it's not worse, it's just a preference in style. Okay? But when you say "neither"... "Neither", "nor", it means not this and not that. It's not a choice. People confuse "either", "or" because you have a choice. This means: This is not true and that's not true, so both are not true anymore. Cool? Keep that in mind. It makes everything negative. And finally: "both", "and" is inclusive or including. You know: "Both my brother and my father love baseball." So I'm taking two, right? "Both", my brother, I am saying there are two parts, and the secondary part is included with the first part, so it's an including. Cool? Now, we've got the basic lesson down. We're going to go to the board, of course you know I'm going to give you a bit of a quiz. I hope you understand. I'll go over it quickly for you once again just in case. "Either", "or" is choice; "not only", "but also" is surprise and it's two surprises, the first case is a surprise, the second one is even more of a surprise; "neither", "nor" is negation, meaning no, x, nothing, no; and "both", "and" is included, so you're including this with that, both she and he were happy. Right? Cool? All right, so once again we're going to do our magic board. Got to do a little bit of a quiz, and I'll give you a little bit extra on conjunctions in just a second. [Snaps]
How to understand native English speakers...  and speak like them!
 
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You've been studying English for a long time. You already know that no matter how much you learn, it can be difficult to understand native speakers. They speak quickly, drop entire syllables, and stick words together. They don't speak exactly like the textbooks teach us, and in fact they make a lot of mistakes! In this video, I will explain clearly the "relaxed pronunciation" that native speakers use, and teach you how to listen so that you understand what they are saying. Once you have practiced this and can understand more of what you hear, you can start to speak like this yourself and be more fluent and natural while speaking English. 1000+ MORE ENGLISH LESSONS https://www.engvid.com/understand-native-speakers-relaxed-pronunciation/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. James from engVid. Do you ever notice how you don't always understand what English people are saying? It's like the words are kind of together? Well, I'm going to tell you a secret: You're right. It's called relaxed sple... Spleech? Speech, or blended speech. See, I put spleech together? And it just makes sense. And I'm going to get to that in a second, and I'm going to give you a visual so you can understand where we're going. Notice E is relaxed, he's not really trying hard. When you're speaking your natural language you don't want to try hard all the time. Right? So I actually use another one: "wanna", which I'm not going to talk about today. But we're going to get there. Right? We're going to get to the board and take a look at what I want to teach you. It's how to sound like a native speaker, but also how to understand a native speaker. Okay? Because we do this blending or relaxed speech quite regularly. All right? So it's actually almost more normal... A more normal part of our language. So what is relaxed speech? Well, relaxed speech happens when a native speaker... Speakers-sorry-change sounds or drop letters or syllables when they are speaking fast for things they say a lot. I'll give you an example. Nobody wants to say: "Do you want to go to the movie tonight?" So we say: "Do you wanna go to the movie?" For you, you're like: "What happened?" Well, we dropped the "t"-okay?-and we combined "want" and "to". We even change the "o" to an "a" to make it easier, so: "You wanna go?" For you, you're thinking: "Youwannago", that's a new English word: "youwannago". And it's like: No, it's not. It's "wanna" as in "want to go". Another one is: "See ya". In "see ya" we change and we drop the ending here, we put: "See", and "you" becomes "ya": "See ya later". No one says: "See you later." It sounds weird when I even say it to myself. "See you later. Bye." But: "See ya later" rolls off the mouth. It's because both of these things we say at least 10, 20, 30 times a day, so we change it, we make it relaxed to make it comfortable like E. Okay? Problem for you is you go to school or you're reading a book and it says: "Do you want to", "Did you ever", no one speaks like that but you, so today we're going to change that. Okay? So I'm going to teach you, as I said, how to understand it when it's said to you, but also how to get it out. Warning: Please use the books first or, you know, listen to... We have other videos on pronunciation, use those first. You have to master the base sounds first. You have to be able to say: "Do you want to", because what you don't understand is when I say: "Do you want", when I change it to: "Do you wanna", I almost say that "t", so I have to have practice saying the proper sound before I can drop it. Got it? It's like you got to practice a lot before you can play well. Okay. So, once you've got that down and you start using this, people will go: "Hey, man, where are you from? Because I hear some accent but I really can't tell. Do you want to tell me?" And I say... I did it again. "Do you want to tell me?" You're like: "Woo, no. It's my secret, engVid." Okay, anyway, so today what I want to work on specifically is "do" and "did". Okay? Because there are a few things we say, and there are what I call sound patterns for the relaxed speech that you can learn to identify what people are saying to you. Okay? So I'm going to come over here and I want you to take a look. "Do" or "Did", and here's the relaxed version of it. When we're done this we're going to have a little practice session because with pronunciation it's important you actually practice it, not you take the lesson, you go: "Thanks, James, you taught me and now I know." You actually have to go through it. So the first one we want to do is this one: "Do you want to", easy enough. Right? "Do you want to go to dinner? Do you want to have a friend over? Do you want to have pizza?" When we actually say it, what happens is there are two cases here. In the first case: "do" or "d" changes to a "ja", "ja" sound. And it comes: "Jawanna", so this is gone, the "d" is gone, we changed it to a "j". And remember what we talked about with "wanna"? The t's gone so it becomes: "Jawanna".
How to MASTER your vocabulary
 
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http://www.engvid.com I am going to show you how to master your vocabulary using four simple steps. This is an important class for anyone learning a language. Learn how to never forget words again. And remember to take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/how-to-master-your-vocabulary/ !