Ancient Technology of Making Beppu Bamboo Crafts - Incredible Bamboo Woodworking Skills That Will Blow Your Mind.
According to the Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan) from the Nara period (710-794), Beppu bamboo crafts originated when the Emperor Keiko visited Beppu on his return from an expedition to Kumaso in southern Kyushu.
Beppu Take Zaiku are bamboo crafts produced centering on Beppu City, Oita Prefecture, and mainly made from madake bamboo grown and harvested in the local area.
Beppu bamboo crafts are all handmade and characterized by a distinctive range of eight basic weaving techniques, and in Oita Prefecture are the only Japanese traditional craftwork designated by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The eight basic weaving patterns are yotsume (cross), mutsume (hexagonal), yatsume (octagonal), ajiro (net), gozame (mat), matsuba (pine needle), kikuzoko (chrysanthemum bottom), and rinko (bull’s eye).
► How to make a Beppu Bamboo Basketry:
1. Harvesting and Removal of Oi
Bamboo grows in groves and good quality green bamboo is harvested after 3 or 4 years, cut to size and boiled in caustic soda water for about 15 minutes to remove excess oil.
After boiling, the bamboo is laid in the sun to dry and turns a beautiful ivory yellow; it is known as sarashi-dake and is the main bamboo raw product used by weavers.
The sun-dried bamboo is now cut into suitable lengths using a kikuwari tool and the joint sections are cut off before splitting the bamboo in half along its grain with a knife. Rough-cutting (vertical splitting) is carried out many times and although a seemingly simple task, it actually takes about 3 years of practice to cut straight, thin, and well-balanced split pieces.
The split bamboo pieces are stripped of their soft, inner layer, and split into narrower, thinner lengths by rough-stripping, small splitting, and on to thin stripping. In rough-stripping, the pieces are stripped until the ratio of exterior bark to the interior layer is about 4:6.
5. Finishing Thin Bamboo Strips
A sukisen tool gives a uniform thickness to strips, and a uniform width is achieved by pulling them between two small blades; the corners are then rounded off with a chamfer knife in preparation for weaving.
6. Weaving the Base
In bamboo weaving, the base or bottom section requires the highest skill as it is difficult to create a solid body from a plane surface; in this stage the bamboo is softened over a flame.
7. Weaving the Body and Neck
The body is woven as a continuous piece, and according to the design and purpose, the article is shaped by changing or spacing the weaving technique.
8. Finishing the Rim and Adding Fittings
The rim is woven to complete the weaving process. There are several rim finishing techniques: for example, tomobuchi (a continuation of the main body), atebuchi (solid bamboo rim fitted and fixed with bamboo strips or wire), or makibuchi (bamboo or Japanese wisteria is wrapped around the rim). Green or white baskets are not lacquer-coated, or dyed and are ready for use once the rim and handles or fittings have been added.
Undyed green bamboo ware is known as aomono; ware made of oil-removed bamboo is shiromono; dyed ware is somemono; and lacquered ware is kuromono. Coating involves applying a first undercoat of dye by boiling, and after drying, the article is gently polished with a cloth. Too much pressure while polishing the weave can damage the bamboo and cause a loss of shine; therefore, great attention is paid in this stage. Raw lacquer is often used as a finish; however, sometimes, shuai-urushi, a concentrated colored lacquer, or raw lacquer may be applied to give an antique finish.
Since lacquer will only dry under the right temperature and humidity, the woven lacquered works are left in a wooden room specially designed to effectively retain moisture. Some pieces will receive further decoration before they are finished and ready for use.
► This is the original video of my friends (I have contacted them before uploading this video):
Their channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYlyxt5GafZd_sHPE3Dhc9g
► Their website:
Shimizu Takayuki: https://takayukishimizu.tumblr.com/
Shimizu's items can be purchased: http://wisewisetools.com/shopbrand/072/P/
Thanks for watching...Don't Forget to like, comment, share and subscribe!
► All things you need for learning Joinery: https://goo.gl/ssQw4R
► Subscribe to my channel: https://goo.gl/QSNyZs
We are an organization from Japan that like to preserve and promote the beauty of these traditional products.
We do NOT own all the materials as well as footages used in this video. Please contact [email protected]
or [email protected]
, for copyright matters. ご検討の程、よろしくお願いいたします。