Seventh video about the Japanese Art serie. Any doubt? Send me a message.
Historia del Arte: https://namerethistoriadelarte.blogspot.com.es/
Land of the Art: https://www.facebook.com/landoftheart
Japanese art is an expression of japanese culture, developed through time and various periods and styles that happened in a chronological form, influenced by the historic moment, society and culture. The main manifestations had their origin in religion and politic power, being shintoism and buddhism the main philosophies.
Edo: from 1603-1868. This period is the Tokugawa period, where Japan isolated itself. The capital city was stablished in Edo, the future Tokyo. Christians were pursued and european traders were expelled, but even so, economy and artesany flourished. It was Tokugawa Ieyasu who would rule over all. Shogunato Tokugawa. This made traditions to come back.
Painting was very developed, in various formats, from panels, screens, scrolls... Xylography was very important. This is japanese prints.
So, we can differenciate among various kinds of painting through the time.
Yamato-e: traditional japanese painting, polychrome
Sumi-e: chinese influence painting, monochrome
Ukiyo-e: japanese prints, polychrome
Yakusha-e: related with theatre, in ukiyo-e style
Yamato-e: it continued, decorative style, linked to the tea ceremony
Rinpa School: of yamato-e style, characterized by representations in golden backgrounds, with topics of nature, landscape, flowers and the four seasons, mainly spring and autumn
Nanga School: also known as Bunjinga, the artists were considered intellectuals, it is the legacy of sumi-e, chinese influence
Ike no Taiga
Maruyama School: it is important to mention Maruyama Ōkyo
Ukiyo-e: it represents popular scenes. These are the paintings of the floating world, japanese print, xylography. At the beginning, only chinese ink was used, and then the prints were painted, but Harunobu developed the nishiki-e technique, that allowed polychrome prints. These prints were cheap and everyone could get them, so they were very popular. There are scenes of women, fighters, and even sex scenes, called shunga. Ukiyo Monogatari influenced them
Hishikawa Moronobu: of the early style
Suzuki Harunobu: he represented many women and invented the nishiki-e technique
Kitagawa Utamaro: he represented many geishas
Torii Kiyonaga: he represented more women
Katsushika Hokusai: mostly known by the Great Wave of Kanagawa and his many depictions of Mount Fuji
Utagawa Kuniyoshi: he was specialist in yakusha-e, portraits of actors and actresses
Utagawa Kunisada: he was specialist in representations of warriors
Utagawa Hiroshige: he was specialist in representations of landscapes
Imari Porcelain: from Imari, Arita. The origins are in XVII century, when the korean artisan Yi Sam-pyeong used korean techniques to produce this with materials found in that place
Inrō: small bags to carry small objects
Netsuke: small sculptures that are part of the inrō
Tsuba: guards for katanas
Enkū: he was a monk that carved like 120000 small statues of Buddha that gave to poor or sad people
Music: Ancient Sage by Brandon Fiechter
Photos taken in Google images.
No copyright infringement intended.