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Oracle SQL Tutorial 27 - CHAR Part 1
 
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This video and the next is going to cover CHAR and NCHAR. Be sure to check out the previous two videos as these are going to introduce you to some foundational knowledge required to understand these data types. CHAR is a fixed-length data type. What that means is that every value for a CHAR column is going to be the same length. You specify the length in parenthesis when you create the table. The thing you need to know though is that the default measurement is in bytes. That means if you specify the length to be CHAR(50), the length of each value will be 50 bytes, by default. If you want to change that to 50 characters, you can pass in the word CHAR as in CHAR(50 CHAR). This is known as a qualifier. Specifically, they are known as length semantics qualifiers (describes the meaning of the given length). Now, I said the default was bytes, but you can actually change the default to characters. In that situation, you can actually use the keyword BYTE to break away from the default. In general, it's best to put CHAR or BYTE even if it is the default. In general, it's best to keep things consistent. It's okay to have these measured in CHAR or BYTE, but it is recommended that every column is the same. It allows you to be more consistent as if some columns measure length in bytes and some measure length in characters, things can get confusing. If you do want to change the default, look up NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS as well as the potential problems it may bring. What values are allowed in parenthesis? That is what we are going to discuss in the next video. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3247 Caleb Curry
Oracle LENGTH Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-length/ The Oracle LENGTH function allows you to find the length of a string, also known as the number of characters in a string. It’s a common feature in different languages, and SQL is no different. The LENGTH function only has one parameter: LENGTH ( string_value ) The parameter is the string_value which is the value to check the length of. The function returns a number that represents the number of characters in the function. Some points to remember about the Oracle LENGTH function: If string_value is NULL, then LENGTH will return NULL. If string_value is an empty string, the LENGTH will return NULL. The string_value can be any of the character data types - CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, NCLOB. If the string_value is a CHAR data type, then the LENGTH will include any trailing spaces in the value. For more information about the Oracle LENGTH function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-length/
Views: 204 Database Star
LENGTH Function in SQL Query
 
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Length(): This function is used to calculate the length of a string or column in query. Here space is also treated as one more character. so the count is 10. Queries used in Video: select ename,length(ename) from emp; select length('oracle num') from dual; Thanks for watching..:)
Views: 1836 WingsOfTechnology
Oracle Database11g tutorials 13 || SQL substr function / SQL substring function
 
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link of SQL substr blog : http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-substr-function.htm SQL substr function SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- As the name suggests SQL Substr function will return substring from a given source string. Let's see the Syntax Substr (source_string, start_pos, Substr_length) As we can see SQL substr function takes 3 parameters. First one is Source string from which you want to extract the segment. Second parameter is Starting position for sub string from the Source string. And the third parameter is Substr_length which is the length for the substring. First two parameters are mandatory to specify while third one is optional. So we can say. SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. First parameter source string can be of any data type CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB whereas both start_pos, Substr_length parameters must be number data type. The returning result of SQL Substr function is of same data type of source string. Let's see an example of SQL Substr function. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,14) FROM dual; Here in this query url of my website www.RebellionRider.com is our source string with the total length of 22 characters, Now, I want to extract the name of my website that is, RebellionRider. So if you count the total length of the name of the website, it is 14. That's why I have specified 14 as my third parameter of SQL Substr function which is substr_length. Also the name of the website RebellionRider is starting from 5th position therefore I have specified 5 at second parameter of SQL substr function which is strt_pos or starting position. Execute it. Here is our result RebellionRider When starting position is larger than the length of source string. In this case SQL Substr function will return NULL as a result. Let's do an example. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',23,14) FROM dual; As you can see here I have specified 23 at starting position and the total length of our source string is 22 characters Let's execute And the result is Null. Second scenario When the Substr_length is greater than source string In this case the segment return is the substring from starting position to the end of the string. For example SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,23) FROM dual; Our starting position is at 5 means at the first R of RebellionRider and length of substring is set to 23 which is greater than the length of source string that is 22. Execute. As you can see we get a substring from first R of RebellionRider till the end of the source String. Third scenario When you supply numeric or arithmetic expression or a DATE instead of character as Source string to SQL Substr function In this scenario If you have supplied a numeric string instead of character as source string, the oracle engine casts them as a character when they occur as parameter to SQL Substr function. And if you have supplied Arithmetic expression or a DATE then The Oracle engine first solves or evaluates the Arithmetic expression or the DATE Then casts them as a character. Means if you have arithmetic expression in your source string then oracle will first solve it and then change or say cast the value of its result into character. Let's see some example. SELECT substr(50000-7,2,4) FROM dual; Oracle first evaluates the arithmetic expression that is 50000-7 equals to 49993. And then oracle engine casts this result 49993 into a character string. Means 49993 will be a 5 characters string. Starting position of substring is 2, that means from the first 9 of 49993 We specified the length of substring is 4 so we must get 9993 as our result. Let's check execute
Views: 74600 Manish Sharma
Oracle SQL Tutorial 28 - CHAR Part 2
 
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Now this video is a continuation of the last video. I decided to break the video up into sections so they didn't cover so much information and drag on for 10 minutes. This video we are going to talk about the length of CHAR. Now it is important to remember that CHAR is a fixed-length data type. This means that every row's value for this column is going to have the same length. The length is given to the database by specifying the length in parenthesis, such as CHAR(10). If you give a value shorter than that, it will be padded with spaces. What range is allowed though? The lowest is actually one. The highest is 2000. Now, remember that Oracle allows either the specification of CHAR or BYTE. The limit of 2000 is actually 2000 bytes. What happens if you put 2000 CHAR? Well, Oracle actually lets you do that. What is the problem with this though? The problem is that not all characters are 1 byte. This means that our 2000 CHAR is inaccurate. This will only work with 1 byte characters. This might not seem like a big problem, but it can lead to runtime errors in code that uses our database. A runtime error is when our code runs and in certain circumstances we get an error and others we do not. If we allow a user to insert up to 2000 characters, but they decide to use multibyte characters such as Chinese, we will get an error. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 2621 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 32 - VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2
 
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This video we are going to discuss the VARCHAR2 and the NVARCHAR2 data types. The previous videos are a good foundation to this video. I've actually discussed so much stuff in those videos that I don’t have a whole lot to say. Good for you, right? I discussed over the previous videos that you should prefer to use VARCHAR2 over CHAR. That's because there is not a difference in performance or storage for a VARCHAR2 column. The only difference is that an CHAR column forces each value to take up a certain length even if it's not. There is one difference between the variable length and fixed length data types here that you need to know about, and that is storage limits. CHAR has a limit of 2000 bytes, while VARCHAR2 has a limit of 4000 bytes. That means you can store twice as much junk in a VARCHAR2 column! Other than that, these data types work exactly the same. I recommend you always use the VARCHAR2 data types instead of the CHAR data types, and only use NVARCHAR2 if you have a non-Unicode database. This will allow you to store Unicode characters in a column. Now, the amount of storage you can put in a VARCHAR2 column is twice what you can put in a CHAR column, but 4000 characters is still not very many characters. This is where the LOB data types come in, which we will discuss in the next video! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3782 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 24 - Important Data Types
 
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In the upcoming videos we are going to discuss data types in depth, but I don't want to drown you in all of the details. Because of that, I'm giving you this video which is going to introduce you to the most important data types. Then, in the upcoming videos, I'll describe them in more depth. One of the data types we've already discussed in this video is NUMBER. This data type is used to, obviously, store a number. It can be used to store integers (whole numbers), or numbers with decimals. There are two other numeric data types you should know of. BINARY_FLOAT and BINARY_DOUBLE are both numeric data types that are known as floating point numbers. A floating point number is often used for large numbers that have decimal places where it is acceptable to not be completely precise. What I mean by this is that these numbers can only store numbers correctly up to a certain decimal point. If you need perfect precision, you will want to use the NUMBER data type. Now storing numbers is good sometimes, but occasionally you will want to store string data. String data can be any sequence of characters, including numbers. By telling the database that a column is a string data type, the database knows how to treat that column. There are four important string data types that you need to know about. The first two are CHAR and NCHAR. These data types are used to store a fixed-length string. So for example, you can say you want to store 12 characters. This means that every value for this column will be exactly 12 characters. If you insert less than 12 characters, the data will be padded with spaces. This means you will want to use one of these data types when every value in the column is the same length. What is the difference between CHAR and NCHAR? CHAR uses what is known as ASCII while NCHAR uses Unicode. The difference is what characters are allowed and how much space each character takes. ASCII takes up less space but only supports English, numbers, and some symbols. UNICODE allows you to store characters from multiple languages but takes up more space. Those were both fixed-length string. What if you want to store data that changes in length? That is where VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2 come in. When it comes to storing dates, the data types that are most important are DATE and TIMESTAMP. Date can be used to store dates and time. Timestamp is a data type that can be used to store an exact moment in time. Lastly, there are interval types. These store a date range. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4480 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 26 - UTF-8 and UTF-16
 
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UTF-8 and UTF-16 are different encodings for the Unicode character set. Let's discuss UTF-8 first. UTF-8 is what is known as a variable-length character set. This means that the amount of storage a character takes up depends on what character it is. For example, if we store the character A, it will only take up one byte. In fact, ASCII is a subset of UTF-8. That means UTF-8 encoding can work with ASCII data. If you are new to computer storage, a byte is a very small amount of information. The smallest thing a computer can store is a bit. 1 or 0. On or off. There are 8 bits in a byte, 1024 bytes in a kilobyte, 1024 kilobytes in a megabyte, 1024 megabytes in a gigabyte, and 1024 gigabytes in a terabyte, and 1024 terabytes in a petabyte. Considering it is completely possible for a database to be multiple petabytes, you can understand that a byte is very small. If you store a non-English character, the size of UTF-8 will increase to 2, 3, or 4 bytes. If you think back to when we used the VARCHAR data type, we passed in 50 CHAR. The reason we throw in that CHAR is that the default for Oracle is 50 characters. Now you can understand why adding the CHAR might be important. If a character can take up multiple bytes, you cannot guarantee 50 characters. Now, on to UTF-16. UTF-16 is also a variable length encoding, but it differs in that It is either 2 or 4 bytes. That means to store an A, it now takes two bytes rather than one. Even though a byte is so small, when you are storing billions of characters, an unnecessary byte really adds up to a lot of wasted storage. We can only represent so many characters with 2 bytes. When we run out of options, we move to four bytes to allow for other characters. Which do we use? It often depends on what platform you are on and also what languages you are working with. For example, if you are working with Asian language, UTF-16 stores each character in 2 bytes while UTF-8 stores each character in 3 bytes. So you could save space by using UTF-16. Additionally, UTF-16 works better when you are writing code in Java or something from Microsoft .NET because UTF-16, or a subset of it called UCS-2, is widely adopted. Other than that, UTF-8 will be the one you want. Now that we have built a pretty good foundation of character sets, we can now continue our discussion of data types. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5003 Caleb Curry
Oracle LEAST Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-greatest/ The Oracle LEAST function is a useful function, but I don’t think it’s very well understood. It returns the least or smallest value in a set of values. You can provide the values, and use numbers or text values. The syntax for the Oracle LEAST function is: LEAST(expr1 [, expr_n]) The expr1 is the first expression to use for your comparison. Expr_n is one or more expressions to use in the comparison, separated by commas. This is optional. So how is LEAST calculated? If the parameters are numeric, the LEAST function finds the smallest number. If the parameters are characters, the function finds the earliest value if they were sorted alphabetically (using their character values). What data type is returned? It depends on the parameters you provide. It could be the same as the parameters you provide, or VARCHAR2 if the parameters are all characters. You can also use the LEAST function with dates. It’s the opposite of the GREATEST function. For more information on the LEAST function, including the SQL used in this video and the examples, read the related post here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-greatest/
Views: 100 Database Star
Oracle TO_NUMBER Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_number/ The Oracle TO_NUMBER function is used to convert a text value into a number value. It’s similar to TO_CHAR and TO_DATE, but converts a value to a number. The number will also be rounded to a specified number of digits, and returned as a NUMBER value. The syntax is: TO_NUMBER( input_value, [format_mask], [nls_parameter] ) The input_value is the value to be converted to a number. Commonly this is provided as a string (e.g. CHAR or VARCAHR2) but can be several other data types as well. The format_mask is the format that the output value should be displayed as. It must be a valid number format. This is an optional value. The final parameter, nls_date_language, is used to work out how the output is displayed, such as how to display currency symbols. It’s also an optional value. For more information about the Oracle TO_NUMBER function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_number/
Views: 1585 Database Star
Using LENGTH function
 
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Using LENGTH function
SQL Tutorial - Single Row General Function PART-3rd
 
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Explained a Single row function - Oracle database Unbeatable,Unbreakable Platform..
Views: 1765 Oracle World
Difference between char,nchar,varchar,nvarchar in SqlServer
 
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Compleate diffrence between char,nchar,varchar,nvarchar in SqlServer
Views: 11769 Tech mohan
SQL LEN() | LENGTH() Function
 
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The SQL LEN() function returns the length of the value of a given input string or in a table field.
Views: 240 suresh babu
Oracle 12C New feature - Creating Table Names Greater Than 30 char length
 
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oracle 12c new features This video talks about the new feature of creating table names greater than 30 char. http://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.in/2018/04/oracle-12c-new-feature-table-names.html oracle 12c new features for developers
Views: 23 Siva Academy
Find the Number of Occurrences of a Character In the given String SQL | ORACLE | PL SQL
 
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Find the Number of Occurrences of a Character In the given String SQL | ORACLE | PL SQL
Views: 748 Online Pl Sql
SQL Tutorial - 40: The TRIM() Function
 
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In this tutorial we'll see how we can remove leading and trailing spaces from strings using the TRIM() function.
Views: 23213 The Bad Tutorials
how to count length of field or data in sql server
 
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with full hd for sql programming language
Views: 676 Sourn Sarim
11-Oracle Database  CONCAT,SUBSTR, LENGTH, INSTR, LPAD,RPAD, TRIM, Round,Trunc,Mod.avi
 
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11-Oracle Database - Intro to Types of Single Row Functions - CONCAT,SUBSTR, LENGTH, INSTR, LPAD,RPAD, TRIM, Round,Trunc,Mod.avi
Views: 4404 Adel Sabour
SQL 033 Data Types, Character String Data, VARCHAR
 
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Explains the SQL VARCHAR or variable length character data type. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 2142 cbtinc
Oracle SQL Tutorial 11 - CREATE TABLE
 
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The way you create a table is to use the CREATE TABLE command. CREATE TABLE users() So in this situation, the name comes right after the TABLE keyword. The next thing we do is put all of the columns on a line that we want to put in our table. CREATE TABLE users( user_id, username, first_name, last_name ) Notice the naming conventions here. For this series we are going to make columns with what is known as snake casing. This is where each individual word is separated by an underscore. if you have more than one column, all of them have to have commas except the last one. The comma is a way to say that another column is coming, so you don't need to do it on the last one. Now you would think we were done, but we also have to say what data type each column is. Later we will extensively discuss data types so we can focus on them exclusively. For now, here are the data types we are going to use: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50), first_name VARCHAR2(50), last_name VARCHAR2(50) ) Now, inside of the parenthesis for varchar2, we pass in a number... This is the max length of the string. But the question is, what is it measured in? The default is actually in bytes, not characters. For example if we have the string hello, it is 5 characters, but it might take up a total of 10 bytes of storage. So I would recommend adding the keyword char right after the number so it defaults to 50 characters, not bytes. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR), first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) This will work to create a table, but it's really missing a lot of information… which column is the primary key? Are we adding any indexes? Is there any thing else we need to say about these columns? So as you can tell, we are making progress, but there is still so much to learn. The biggest gotcha to remember from this video is that the data type VARCHAR ends in a 2, stupid, right? who would end the name of something with a 2? Once again, this is Caleb from CalebTheVideoMaker2, and we will catch you in the next one! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 22170 Caleb Curry
MySQL 25 - CHAR Data Type
 
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The first category of data types that we are going to cover in this MySQL series are the string data types, or character data types. There are two that I am going to talk about in this video, CHAR and VARCHAR. We'll start with CHAR. CHAR is a string data type where you specify how many characters are allowed in parenthesis after you declare the column as this type. For example, we can say CHAR(50) to allow up to 50 characters for each value in that column. The thing to know about CHAR though is that it is a fixed-length string. That means every single value inside of that column is actually going to be whatever you declare the length as. So if you say CHAR(50), every string is going to be 50 characters long. If, for example, you have a row that only uses 40 characters, MySQL will pad the right side of the string with spaces until it fills 50 characters. Now, the highest value you can put in here is 255. The 255 refers to characters. This means that you can have strings with up to 255 characters. How does the computer know how to store these characters? That has to deal with the character set and the encoding of the characters. By default, MySQL is going to use UTF-8. We are not going to discuss UTF-8 in detail for a while but essentially UTF-8 says that each character can take up to 3 bytes of storage. 255 comes from the max number you can count to using binary. So if we are keeping track of how many values are in this column in an 8 bit number, 255 is the highest. If you don't know what I'm talking about it, we'll worry about it later. You can actually make the column CHAR(0). In this situation, the only thing you could put in as a value for this column is an empty string (''). When retrieving variable length CHAR data from a database it may not look like the database pads the value. That's because MySQL actually strips spaces from the value when presented. If you want to keep all of the spaces that have been added when you retrieve the value, you can do that. Look up PAD_CHAR_TO_FULL_LENGTH online. In the next video we are going to discuss VARCHAR. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3503 Caleb Curry
TO_CHAR(datetime) Function in SQL Query
 
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TO_CHAR (datetime) : TO_CHAR (datetime) converts a datetime datatype to a value of VARCHAR2 datatype in the format specified by the date format. The following is a list of valid parameters when the TO_CHAR function is used to convert a date to a string. These parameters can be used in many combinations. YEAR Year, spelled out YYYY 4-digit year YYY Last 3 digits of year. YY Last 2 digits of year. Y Last 1 digit of year. IYYY 4-digit year based on the ISO standard Q Quarter of year (1, 2, 3, 4; JAN-MAR = 1). MM Month (01-12; JAN = 01). MON Abbreviated name of month. MONTH Name of month, padded with blanks to length of 9 characters. RM Roman numeral month (I-XII; JAN = I). WW Week of year (1-53) where week 1 starts on the first day of the year and continues to the seventh day of the year. W Week of month (1-5) where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. IW Week of year (1-52 or 1-53) based on the ISO standard. D Day of week (1-7). DAY Name of day. DD Day of month (1-31). DDD Day of year (1-366). DY Abbreviated name of day. J Julian day; the number of days since January 1, 4712 BC. HH Hour of day (1-12). HH12 Hour of day (1-12). HH24 Hour of day (0-23). MI Minute (0-59). SS Second (0-59). SSSSS Seconds past midnight (0-86399). FF Fractional seconds. Thanks for watching...:)
Views: 9457 WingsOfTechnology
ORACLE SQL 24: NEXT_DAY, LAST_DAY
 
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http://studyandshare.wordpress.com/ http://www.facebook.com/groups/studyandsharevn/
Views: 709 studyandsharevn
88. MID and LENGTH Function in SQL (Hindi)
 
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Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 3828 Geeky Shows
Oracle SQL Tutorial 31 - NCHAR Part 2
 
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This video is going to be part 2 of NCHAR. That's because I have a bit more things to say about it before we move on to other data types. The first thing I wanted to mention is that if you declare an NCHAR(50), it is going to always be 50 characters. You do not need to use the CHAR or BYTE keyword in parenthesis to specify which you would like. We've said that NCHAR uses Unicode, but as we've learned in the last video, there are many character sets that use Unicode. Which character set is NCHAR going to use? That decision is based off of what your database's national character set is. So for every database you can declare a database character set and you can declare a national character set. The national character set is what is used for this data type. There are two options for the national character set, AL16UTF16, and UTF8. The default is AL16UTF16, which uses the utf-16 encoding. The Oracle docs has a lot of pros and cons for each one, but in general the defaults are default for a reason, so AL16UTF16 usually works fine. Now, a few videos ago I made a comment about the CHAR and NCHAR data types and how they might not be recommended. Why so? The reason is that CHAR is secretly just a VARCHAR2 that is padded to take up a full length. It does not save space nor improve performance in the database, so the chances are you are never going to want to use it. That being said, everything you've learned has not been a waste because a lot can be applied to the VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2 data types. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://eepurl.com/-8qtH Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 2674 Caleb Curry
SQL 12c Tutorial 12 : SQL  Date Manipulation functions
 
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SQL 12c Tutorial 12 : SQL Date Manipulation functions SQL 12c Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL 12c Tutorial for beginners MONTHS_BETWEEN ADD_MONTHS NEXT_DAY LAST_DAY ROUND TRUNC
Views: 71 TechLake
SQL 032 Data Types, Character String Data, CHAR or CHARACTER
 
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Explains the SQL CHAR or CHARACTER data type. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 499 cbtinc
MySQL Data Types 1 - Char and Varchar
 
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Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. Videos Available for Download - http://www.udemy.com/calebthevideomaker2-database-and-mysql-classes/ Playlist - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=krx-w9icrkU&list=PL405B31DD586979DE Welcome to your very first video in this series, MySQL Datatypes! Please subscribe and like my videos, it means a TON to me. Thanks :) This is simply a small course to introduce you to all of the datatypes(excluding spatial, which I will not be covering in this course). All of the datatypes are broken into 4 sections, these are Numeric, Date and Time, String, and Spatial. In all, these are the datatypes I will be covering: tinyint, smallint, mediumint, int, bigint, decimal, float, double, real, bit, boolean, serial, date, datetime, timestamp, time, year, char, varchar, tinytext, text, mediumtext, longtext, binary, varbinary, tinyblob, mediumblob, blob, longblob, enum, and set. Wooah that's a lot. haha. I will not be going over geometry, point, linestring, polygon, multipoint, or multilinestring. If you want to learn more about Spatial types, start here: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/mysql-spatial-datatypes.html Want more information about what is covered in these videos? Always be sure to read the supporting page in the MySQL manual. http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/index.html Video information: Char and Varchar ___________________________ Char has a character range from 0 up to 255, varchar allows up to 65535. a max length can be specified in parenthesis such as char(40). char is right padded to fit the specified amount of characters, and the spaces are then removed on retrieval. Only trailing spaces will be removed. for example. Cat_hat__ will come out as cat_hat. This can be a bad thing if you need to store spaces. you will need to use varchar instead. If a value entered is too long, it will be "truncated," or cut to length. Extra info ________ a character set is an allowed range of characters that are entered into an entry. such as UTF-8. Utf 8 is 3 bytes for every character. the storing information for varchar and char are like this.. char - string length. varchar - string length+1. A 10 character entry using UTF-8 would then take 30 bytes in char, and 31 bytes in varchar, but if only 5 characters are entered, it will be 30 bytes for char, and 16 for varchar. This is because char stores the trailing spaces till the requested size is full (in this case 10). A table maximum row size is 65535, so this means if you have a varchar 65535 that is completely full in one column, that is the max allowed stored across that column. Any corrections needing made in these videos please message me. Thank you! More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://Twitter.com/calebCurry Subscribe (it's free!): http://bit.ly/PqPyvH Amazing Web Hosting - https://www.dreamhost.com/r.cgi?1487063 (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 13467 Caleb Curry
LOWER and UPPER Function in SQL
 
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UPPER(): UPPER returns char, with all letters uppercase. char can be any of the datatypes CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB. The return value is the same datatype as char. The database sets the case of the characters based on the binary mapping defined for the underlying character set. LOWER(): LOWER returns char, with all letters lowercase. char can be any of the datatypes CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB. The return value is the same datatype as char. The database sets the case of the characters based on the binary mapping defined for the underlying character set. Thanks for watching...:)
Views: 1036 WingsOfTechnology
Every VARCHAR2(N) Declaration a Bug in PL/SQL!?
 
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Every VARCHAR2(N) Declaration a Bug!? That's right. VARCHAR2 declarations mean that you have to provide an "N" or constraint on the size of the variable. If you have such declarations all over your code, that's a form of hard-coding and you are likely to get hammered by VALUE_ERROR exceptions. This video shows how to fix this problem. See the Practically Perfect PL/SQL YouTube channel for related videos. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpJpLMRm452kVcie3RpINPw ============================================ Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 3019 radhikaravikumar
SQL 12c  Tutorial 18 : SQL  Invisible Column options in SQL 12c New Features
 
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SQL 12c Tutorial 18 : SQL Invisible Column options in SQL 12c New Features SQL 12c Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL 12c Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL 12c New Features
Views: 192 TechLake
Interacting with SQL functions(ASCII(),CHAR(),BIN(),HEX(),OCT(),BIT_LENGTH(),CHAR_LENGTH())
 
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a few functions which are used in SQL, if you have any questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
Views: 248 Akash Zeus
Funciones Oracle Upper, Lower, Inicap, Lentgh, Substr, To char
 
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En esta leccion veremos como podemos utilizar las funciones basicas de Oracle para hacer las consultas. Siguenos en - http://www.aprendedesarrollo.com/
Views: 1538 Alejandro Alvarez
Advanced unix String handling substr extraction find length of string array
 
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Oracle SQL PLSQL and Unix Shell Scripting
Views: 244 Sridhar Raghavan
Java chars are not characters, but UTF-16 code units. Palindromes with surrogate pairs are fun!
 
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https://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/api/java/lang/Character.html#unicode https://www.joelonsoftware.com/2003/10/08/the-absolute-minimum-every-software-developer-absolutely-positively-must-know-about-unicode-and-character-sets-no-excuses
Views: 85 Fred Overflow
CONCATENATION OPERATOR, TO_CHAR CURRENCY, MONEY SYMBOL in oracle SQL
 
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How to use concatenation operator, to_char, currency symbol, display money
String Functions like LEN - Substring in SQLServer
 
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http://www.sqlserver2008tutorial.com In this video tutorial on SQL Server 2008, we cover sql string functions that are commonly used. Here are the SQL functions: LEN -- This sql function returns the length of an expression RIGHT -- This sqlserver function returns the number of characters starting from the right LEFT - This sqlserver function returns the number of characters starting from the left LOWER -- MS SQL function converts the string to lower case UPPER - MS SQL function converts the string to upper case REPLACE -- Important function helps to replace characters in a field with another SUBSTRING function -- Use this to return portion of a string expression CHARINDEX -- You can find starting position of character in a string LTRIM -- This function in SQL 2008 removes empty spaces from the left RTRIM - function in SQL 2008 removes empty spaces from the right
Views: 4699 baghul
87. UPPER and LOWER Function in SQL (Hindi)
 
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Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 4160 Geeky Shows
Initcap function in ORACLE
 
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Initcap function in ORACLE
Views: 140 Tanmun
PART-2 (Oracle Functions) Oracle PL SQL Training - Fast Track Series
 
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Topic 2: Functions in PL SQL. In oracle there are two types of functions available. 1. Oracle Supplied Function (Built in Functions) Scaler Functions a) String Functions Length, instr, substr, rtrim, ltrim, lower, upper, concat, replace sqlplus sanket/patel SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Feb 14 11:38:56 2017 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Express Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production SQL# SQL# select length('sanket') from dual; LENGTH('SANKET') ---------------- 6 SQL# select instr('sanket','n') from dual; INSTR('SANKET','N') ------------------- 3 SQL# select substr('sanket',1,3) from dual; SUB --- san SQL# select ltrim(' sanket ') from dual; LTRIM('S -------- sanket SQL# select rtrim(' sanket ') from dual; RTRIM('S -------- sanket SQL# select trim(' sanket ') from dual; TRIM(' ------ sanket SQL# select lower('SanKet') from dual; LOWER( ------ sanket SQL# select upper('SanKet') from dual; UPPER( ------ SANKET SQL# select concat('sanket','patel') from dual; CONCAT('SAN ----------- sanketpatel SQL# SQL# select replace('patel','e','i') from dual; REPLA ----- patil SQL# b) Date Functions Sysdate, add_months, extract, last_day, next_day, months_between c) Numeric Functions Trunc, ceil, round d) Oracle Type Cast or Conversion Functions To_char, to_date, to_number e) Null functions Nvl, Nvl2 Aggregate Functions Count,min,max,sum 2. User Defined Functions (PL SQL) CREATE [OR REPLACE] FUNCTION function_name [ (parameter [,parameter]) ] RETURN return_datatype IS | AS [declaration_section] BEGIN executable_section [EXCEPTION exception_section] END [function_name]; Characteristics of Functions • Function must returns some value • Function can be called from select statement • Function support all three types of parameters available in oracle like IN, OUT and IN OUT parameters. Types of Parameters: IN Parameter: We can’t overwrite value of such kind of parameters. It is used to pass reference values to program and utilized it within the programs or sub-programs or other standalone programs. OUT Parameter: We can overwrite value of such kind of parameters. It is not useful to pass reference values to program and utilized it within the programs or sub-programs or other standalone programs but output value must need to be hold by calling program. IN OUT Parameter: We can overwrite value as well as pass reference value to program or sub-programs or other standalone programs but output value must need to be hold by calling program. EXAMPLES: --FUNCTION WITH OUT PARAMETER CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION GET_DATE_HH24TIME RETURN VARCHAR2 IS HH24DATE_TIME VARCHAR2(20); BEGIN HH24DATE_TIME := TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'DD/MM/YYYY HH24:MI:SS'); RETURN HH24DATE_TIME; END; / --FUNCTION WITH PARAMETER CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME (P_HH24DATE_TIME IN DATE) RETURN VARCHAR2 IS HH24DATE_TIME VARCHAR2(20); BEGIN HH24DATE_TIME := TO_CHAR(P_HH24DATE_TIME,'DD/MM/YYYY HH24:MI:SS'); RETURN HH24DATE_TIME; END; / SELECT GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME(SYSDATE) FROM DUAL; Drop Functions: We can drop function from the database. DROP FUNCTION GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME; SQL# SELECT OBJECT_NAME FROM USER_OBJECTS WHERE OBJECT_TYPE = 'FUNCTION'; OBJECT_NAME --------------------------------------------------------------------------GET_DATE_HH24TIME GET_P_DATE_HH24TIME DROP FUNCTION GET_DATE_HH24TIME;
Views: 4706 Sanket Patel
Sql Training Online - Sql Trim, Rtrim, Ltrim
 
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Learn about the Trim, RTrim, LTrim functions in the SQL Language. Visit http://www.SqlTrainingOnline.com for 30 more FREE videos.
Views: 9564 Joey Blue
Manipule suas strings com INSTR, CHAR LENGTH, LEFT, RIGHT e SUBSTRING
 
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Link para o artigo: https://www.upinside.com.br/artigo/manipule-suas-strings-com-instr-char-length-left-right-e-substring Salve salve galera, olha quem está aqui novamente! A pauta de hoje são funções para aplicar nas suas strings. Dependendo da necessidade, você pode simplificar a sua query usando as funções que vamos ver na aula de hoje e ainda poupar mais algumas responsabilidades da aplicação. Mas porque eu bato tanto na tecla de tirar responsabilidade da aplicação? Veja bem, o PHP como sabemos é interpretado e não é novidade para ninguém... É bem mais custoso para o servidor (e relativamente mais demorado) fazer a consulta e tratar as informações dentro do loop da aplicação! Óbvio que o loop tem que continuar existindo, e se você faz tudo dentro do loop não quer dizer que você está errado; mas podemos estudar a possibilidade de aumentar a velocidade de renderização da sua página. Link para o artigo: https://www.upinside.com.br/artigo/manipule-suas-strings-com-instr-char-length-left-right-e-substring Todas as funções que estamos vendo nessa série de artigos de banco de dados que estamos vendo, tem que ser de domínio universal dos webmasters. Isso tem que ser rotineiro :) Então aqueça as pontas dos dedos, e bora fazer os exercícios comigo e aplicar nas suas queries atuais... Porque logo logo o curso de Banco de Dados com MariaDB sai do forno! Já ficou sabendo da novidade? Dá uma olhada no menu cursos e me conta o que achou dos novos cursos "em cartaz na UP. Link para o artigo: https://www.upinside.com.br/artigo/manipule-suas-strings-com-instr-char-length-left-right-e-substring
Views: 761 UpInside
85. ROUND Function in SQL (Hindi)
 
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Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 5404 Geeky Shows