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Gibraltar Breach.mov
 
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Six million years ago, the Mediterranean Sea nearly dried up during what is called the "Messinian Salinity Crisis". This movie shows a physics-based computer simulation of the breach of Gibraltar and the flood of the basin. A similar event 10,000 years ago, in the then populated Black Sea basin, may have been the source of the Noah's Arc narrative. For more tsunami and natural hazard information visit http://es.ucsc.edu/~ward.
Views: 892456 ingomar200
G5/P6: Ocean Water Salinity & Salt Water Budget
 
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Language: Hindi, Topics Covered: 1. Salinity of ocean water: meaning 2. Salt budget of ocean water 3. Sources of salt in ocean water 4. Removal of salts from ocean water 5. Variation in salinity 6. Pattern in variation of salinity: comparison between equatorial water to tropical; comparison between northern and southern hemisphere 7. Local variation in salinity at ocean currents, enclosed sea, mouth of big rivers 8. Map: seas and mouth of big rivers- Mississippi into Gulf of Mexico, Amu Darya and Syr Darya into Aral sea , Black sea, Euphrates and Tigris into Persian gulf 9. Local variation in salinity: melting of glaciers 10. Vertical pattern of salinity Powerpoint available at http://Mrunal.org/download Exam-Utility: UPSC CSAT, CDS, CAPF Faculty Name: Ms. Rajtanil Solanki Venue: Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Satellite, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India
Views: 179646 Mrunal Patel
Typical salinity distribution  along Baltic Sea track
 
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В данном видео рассказывается и показывается с помощью модели профиля Балтийского моря как распространяется соленая вода из Северного моря, которая попадает в Балтийское море через проливы Каттегат и Скагеррак.
Views: 673 Vladislav Onopko
Fresh Water Meets Sea Water – Boundary Explained
 
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This is the Fraser River Delta just in front of Vancouver BC Canada, this is where sea water meets fresh water. The river water from Fraser River, flowing into the ocean water of the Strait of Georgia. Modern Science has discovered that in the places where two different bodies meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier creates a noticeable line, as each water body has its own temperature, salinity, and density. If you go on google earth and look up Fraser River or Sea Island which is an airport right at the water edge, you will see this boundary line stretching for miles. Thanks for watching ★★ Please CLICK THE NOTIFICATION BELL! ★★ Some subscribers aren't being shown our videos unless they click the notification bell next to the subscribe button. ___________________________________________________________________ CREDIT LINKS ► Maryan Pearson Youtube Channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRcy6Po5q_VDeh6nfQWrb8w ► Maryan Pearson Video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_sMHM3enq38 ► Marlin Magazine Youtube Channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwE2V-O-O_3Wrp03GlDz8Ag ► Marlin Magazine Video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=czd20tdEDUE ____________________________________________________________________ ► Wonder World Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/wonderworld.ytc.10 ► Wonder World Twitter - https://twitter.com/WonderWorld_YTC For business enquiries, content submission or copyright concerns or disputes, please contact me.
Views: 29848 Wonder World
The Gulf Stream Explained
 
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Learn about the role of the sea in global warming. The global conveyer belt is part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by differences in the density of the waters. It plays a key role in keeping the climate at balance and Europe warm. Global warming may change it forever with unforeseeable consequences. Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt The climate change and global conveyor belt Also: We made a brief intro for kurzgesagt videos! Tell us how what you think about it :D Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
What Would Happen If We Drained the Mediterranean Sea?
 
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Learn about calculus, algebra, gravitational physics and more with a free trial and 20% off here at; https://brilliant.org/reallifelore/ Please Subscribe: http://bit.ly/2dB7VTO Music is by Brandon Maahs. Check out his website and music by clicking this link: http://www.brandonmaahs.com/audio-reel Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RealLifeLore/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/RealLifeLore1 Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/RealLifeLore/ Subreddit is moderated by Oliver Bourdouxhe Special thanks to my Patrons: Juan Rodriguez, Danny Clemens, Owen, Mary-Helen Burns, Jarrell Hawkins, Conor Dillon, Donna, Michael Aufiero, Mohammad Abu Hawash, MechanoidOrange and Greenlandia. Videos explaining things. Mostly over topics like history, geography, economics and science. We believe that the world is a wonderfully fascinating place, and you can find wonder anywhere you look. That is what our videos attempt to convey. Currently, we try our best to release one video every week. Bear with us :) Sources and further reading; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantropa https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messinian_salinity_crisis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapse_rate#Dry_adiabatic_lapse_rate http://www.geologie.ens.fr/spiplabocnrs/IMG/gif/CarteEastmed.gif https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/5089/2010/acp-10-5089-2010.html
Views: 3943961 RealLifeLore
Eel Suffers Toxic Shock From Brine Pool | Blue Planet II
 
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This is an exclusive clip from the Deep episode of Blue Planet II. At the bottom of the ocean there are brine pools which have a salinity level three - eight times the usual sea level. When a Cutthroat eel gets too close it goes into toxic shock and is lucky to make it out alive. Subscribe: http://bit.ly/BBCEarthSub WATCH MORE: New on Earth: https://bit.ly/2M3La96 Oceanscapes: https://bit.ly/2Hmd2kZ Wild Thailand: https://bit.ly/2kR7lmh Welcome to BBC EARTH! The world is an amazing place full of stories, beauty and natural wonder. Here you'll find 50 years worth of astounding, entertaining, thought-provoking and educational natural history content. Dramatic, rare, and exclusive, nature doesn't get more exciting than this. Want to share your views with the team? Join our fan panel: http://tinyurl.com/YouTube-BBCEarth-FanPanel This is a page from BBC Studios who help fund new BBC programmes. Service information and feedback: http://bbcworldwide.com/vod-feedback--contact-details.aspx
Views: 1746705 BBC Earth
Black Sea, Romanian Coast and Constanta Operational Models
 
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This animation shows surface flow and salinity of three models which run operationally, since Abril 2016, at the National Institute for Martine Research and Development, Romania. ACTION SERVER is used to operate the models and MOHID Studio to explore the results.
Views: 68 ActionModulers
The Formation of the Mediterranean Sea
 
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Continued from https://youtu.be/Lw7GpyY2EGs An excerpt from Episode 14 of our Endless Ocean: Blue World Let's Play. http://www.kisamayatsu.com/letsplay/EO2/ https://twitter.com/Zorak
Views: 636842 ZorakGoesOn
OG-30 | Salinity of Ocean & it's deposit |सागरीय लवणता और निक्षेप। For UPSC and state PSc
 
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Is video me hum mahasagariya jal ki salinity ke baare me padhenge . Topic Covered 1- Salinity 2- Cause of Salinity of water 3- Factors effecting Salinity of Ocean Water 4- Horizontal distribution of Salinity of Ocean 5 - Vertical distribution of Salinity of Ocean Factors Affecting Ocean Salinity The salinity of water in the surface layer of oceans depend mainly on evaporation and precipitation. Surface salinity is greatly influenced in coastal regions by the fresh water flow from rivers, and in polar regions by the processes of freezing and thawing of ice. Wind, also influences salinity of an area by transferring water to other areas. The ocean currents contribute to the salinity variations. Salinity, temperature and density of water are interrelated. Hence, any change in the temperature or density influences the salinity of an area. Horizontal distribution of salinity To make life easier, I will remove the symbol o/oo and place only number The salinity for normal open ocean ranges between 33 and 37. High salinity regions In the land locked Red Sea (don’t confuse this to Dead Sea which has much greater salinity), it is as high as 41. In hot and dry regions, where evaporation is high, the salinity sometimes reaches to 70. Comparatively Low salinity regions In the estuaries (enclosed mouth of a river where fresh and saline water get mixed) and the Arctic, the salinity fluctuates from 0 – 35, seasonally (fresh water coming from ice caps). Pacific The salinity variation in the Pacific Ocean is mainly due to its shape and larger areal extent. Atlantic The average salinity of the Atlantic Ocean is around 36-37. The equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean has a salinity of about 35. Near the equator, there is heavy rainfall, high relative humidity, cloudiness and calm air of the doldrums. The polar areas experience very little evaporation and receive large amounts of fresh water from the melting of ice. This leads to low levels of salinity, ranging between 20 and 32. Maximum salinity (37) is observed between 20° N and 30° N and 20° W – 60° W. It gradually decreases towards the north.distribution of ocean salinity Indian Ocean The average salinity of the Indian Ocean is 35. The low salinity trend is observed in the Bay of Bengal due to influx of river water by the river Ganga. On the contrary, the Arabian Sea shows higher salinity due to high evaporation and low influx of fresh water. Marginal seas The North Sea, in spite of its location in higher latitudes, records higher salinity due to more saline water brought by the North Atlantic Drift. Baltic Sea records low salinity due to influx of river waters in large quantity. The Mediterranean Sea records higher salinity due to high evaporation. Salinity is, however, very low in Black Sea due to enormous fresh water influx by rivers. Inland seas and lakes The salinity of the inland Seas and lakes is very high because of the regular supply of salt by ‘ the rivers falling into them. Their water becomes progressively more saline due to evaporation. For instance, the salinity of the Great Salt Lake , (Utah, USA), the Dead Sea and the Lake Van in Turkey is 220, 240 and 330 respectively. The oceans and salt lakes are becoming more salty as time goes on because the rivers dump more salt into them, while fresh water is lost due to evaporation. Cold and warm water mixing zones Salinity decreases from 35 – 31 on the western parts of the northern hemisphere because of the influx of melted water from the Arctic region. surface salinity of world's oceans Sub-Surface Salinity With depth, the salinity also varies, but this variation again is subject to latitudinal difference. The decrease is also influenced by cold and warm currents. In high latitudes, salinity increases with depth. In the middle latitudes, it increases up to 35 metres and then it decreases. At the equator, surface salinity is lower. Vertical Distribution of Salinity Salinity changes with depth, but the way it changes depends upon the location of the sea. Salinity at the surface increases by the loss of water to ice or evaporation, or decreased by the input of fresh waters, such as from the rivers. Salinity at depth is very much fixed, because there is no way that water is ‘lost’, or the salt is ‘added.’ There is a marked difference in the salinity between the surface zones and the deep zones of the oceans. The lower salinity water rests above the higher salinity dense water. Salinity, generally, increases with depth and there is a distinct zone called the halocline (compare this with thermocline), where salinity increases sharply. Other factors being constant, increasing salinity of seawater causes its density to increase. High salinity seawater, generally, sinks below the lower salinity water. This leads to stratification by salinity.
Views: 8475 KV GuruJi
The Zanclean Megaflood Hypothesis
 
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A new study supports the scenario of a Mediterranean-wide catastrophic flood at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC): The Zanclean Megaflood Hypothesis. Credits: Video produced by the University of Malta under the supervision of dr. Aaron Micallef “Evidence of the Zanclean megaflood in the eastern Mediterranean Basin” Aaron Micallef, Angelo Camerlenghi, Daniel Garcia-Castellanos, Daniel Cunarro Otero, Marc-André Gutscher, Giovanni Barreca, Daniele Spatola, Lorenzo Facchin, Riccardo Geletti, Sebastian Krastel, Felix Gross & Morelia Urlaub Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-19446-3
Views: 4310 SciNews
Dead sea amazing natural phenomenon - DeadSea salt cubes
 
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Cubes of salt washed up on the shore in the Deadsea (Israel Dead sea, Deadsea) Dead sea (from wikipedia): also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east, and Palestine and Israel to the west. near Jerusalem. Its surface and shores are 427 metres (1,401 ft) below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 306 m (1,004 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With 34.2% salinity (in 2011), it is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, though Lake Vanda in Antarctica (35%), Lake Assal (Djibouti) (34.8%), Lagoon Garabogazköl in the Caspian Sea (up to 35%) and some hypersaline ponds and lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond (44%)) have reported higher salinities. It is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 50 kilometres (31 mi) long and 15 kilometres (9 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River. The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. Biblically, it was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets. The Dead Sea seawater has a density of 1.240 kg/L, which makes swimming similar to floating." dead seas near Jerusalem halite phenomenon (from wikipedia): "commonly known as rock salt, is the mineral form of sodium chloride (NaCl). Halite forms isometric crystals. The mineral is typically colorless or white, but may also be light blue, dark blue, purple, pink, red, orange, yellow or gray depending on the amount and type of impurities. It commonly occurs with other evaporite deposit minerals such as several of the sulfates, halides, and borates" - more in wikipedia view more interesting videos like : "15 Craziest Natural Phenomena on Earth" "Ice Balls forming along Lake Michigan near Glen Arbor" "2014 WHAT IS GOING ON? (Strange Weather Phenomenon)" "Strange Sky Phenomena Escalating Worldwide" "The Dead Sea in Jordan" "Earth's 10 Strangest Natural Phenomena" "25 Natural Phenomena You Have To See To Believe" more about dead sea and israel: "First Scientific Diving Expedition at the Dead Sea" "Israel - Small but Outstanding" "Israel ¡Seeing is Believing!" "Sunshine Across Israel"
Views: 1059612 jabulani400
Sea of Azov
 
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The Sea of Azov is a sea in south-eastern Europe. To the south it is linked by the narrow (about 4 km or 2.5 mi) Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea, and it is sometimes regarded as a northern extension of the Black Sea. The sea is bounded in the north by mainland Ukraine, in the east by Russia, and in the west by the Crimean Peninsula. The Don and Kuban are the major rivers that flow into it. The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world, with the depth varying between 0.9 and 14 meters (2 ft 11 in and 45 ft 11 in). There is a constant outflow of water from the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea. The sea is largely affected by the inflow of numerous rivers, which bring sand, silt, and shells, which in turn form numerous bays, limans, and narrow spits. Because of these deposits, the sea bottom is relatively smooth and flat with the depth gradually increasing toward the middle. Also, due to the river inflow, water in the sea has low salinity and a high amount of biomass (such as green algae) that affects the water colour. Abundant plankton results in unusually high fish productivity. The sea shores and spits are low; they are rich in vegetation and bird colonies. The name likely derives from the settlement of and area around Azov, whose name comes from the Kipchak Turkish asak or azaq ("lowlands"). A Russian folk etymology, however, instead derives it from an eponymous Cuman prince named "Azum" or "Asuf", said to have been killed defending his town in 1067. A formerly common spelling of the name in English was the Sea of Azoff, which is closer to the Russian pronunciation. In antiquity, the sea was usually known as the Maeotis Swamp from the marshlands to its northeast.[ It remains unclear whether it was named for the nearby Maeotians or if that name was applied broadly to various peoples who happened to live beside it. Other names included Lake Maeotis or Maeotius (Mæotius or Mæotis Lacus); the Maeotium or Maeotic Sea (Mæotium or Mæoticum Æquor); the Cimmerian or Scythican Swamps (Cimmeriae or Scythicæ Paludes); and the Cimmerian or Bosporic Sea (Cimmericum or Bosporicum Mare). The Maeotians themselves were said by Pliny to call the sea Temarenda or Temerinda, meaning "Mother of Waters". The medieval Russians knew it as the Sea of Surozh after the adjacent city now known as Sudak. It was known in Ottoman Turkish as the Balük-Denis ("Fish Sea") from its high productivity.
Views: 1373 Century Old
Black Sea Danube Noah's ark flood.mpg
 
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See http://www.science20.com/news_releases/was_danube_location_noahs_ark_flood for context of this video
Views: 7978 scientificblogging
What Happens When You Boil The Ocean?
 
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Views: 10223389 The King of Random
Black Sea Thermocline in 4K
 
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Diving the Black Sea with a spectacular thermocline (various layers of water temperature). The distortions and blurring in the video are due to the thermocline! +20degC in the air, 9 ÷ 14degC in the water. Music: Cafe del Mar - Rastafari Lounge Video & Editor: Constantin "Costa" Benedic T101 - Technical & Diving Ops® Dive Center Apr. 26th, 2018.
Views: 116 OmnisMares T101
salt level in aquarium : how to measure salinity : using a refractometer
 
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salt level in aquarium : how to measure salinity : using a refractometer. how to measure salt level (salinity) in a saltwater aquarium with a refractometer. My salinity is between 1.024 and 1.026. 1.026 is the salinity level of the ocean. lots of great info in this rotter tube reef video on salt and equipment to measure salinity. always make sure you use separate gear for your main tank and quarantine tank. you don't want to take the chance of infecting your main aquarium with parasites by using the same equipment. i soak my gear in fresh water for a week to kill all parasites. soaking for a minimum of 48 hours is recommended. rotter tube reef : saltwater aquarium care that's fun and honest. SUBSCRIBE to my channel for new videos every Saturday. Thanks for watching! Airport Lounge - Disco Ultralounge by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100806 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ Saltwater aquarium care videos that are fun and honest. New saltwater tank videos every Saturday on YouTube. JOIN THE ROTTER TUBE REEF GROUP ON FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1417920401638328/ GEAR I USE: KILL GREEN HAIR ALGAE with FOOD GRADE 35% HYDROGEN PEROXIDE. Dose 1ml per 10 gallons every other day. https://amzn.to/2HBuXGn https://amzn.to/2qd8IPn Finnex LED Aquarium light: https://amzn.to/2wOlbie 100% Pure Magnesium: https://amzn.to/2GLHbPa SYPHON to vacuum sandbed: https://amzn.to/2GK8i9k Ecotech Marine MP40W: https://amzn.to/2EqND8s Measure Master Syringe: https://amzn.to/2qeIrQL Turkey baster for cleaning live rock: https://amzn.to/2ryR20H saltwater tank maintenance gloves: https://amzn.to/2IuWrwp Seachem Cupramine Copper to kill ich: http://amzn.to/2idhGYG Copper Test Kit: https://amzn.to/2HAEuR0 Miracle Mud (Marine) 5 lb: http://amzn.to/2DDvzsl Red Sea Coral Pro Salt: http://amzn.to/2kjlnAa Aquarium Filter Media: http://amzn.to/2zXMXtD 3ft X 1 Flex Hose by Eshopps: http://amzn.to/2idXO7N Microbacter7: http://amzn.to/2kiLfMK VINYL BLACK TUBING: http://amzn.to/2jFXdvV T5 LIGHT: http://amzn.to/2idMWGK Instant Ocean Sea Salt: http://amzn.to/2jHipkW Rio Plus 2500 return pump: http://amzn.to/2idMaK5 New Life Spectrum fish food:http://amzn.to/2jIcQCT FOAM FILTER: http://amzn.to/2AEXMQV Stainless Steel Algae Scraper: http://amzn.to/2idO9y1 Blue Yeti USB Microphone: http://amzn.to/2iaIKaW EHEIM Jager Heater: http://amzn.to/2Ato7PE Seachem Ammonia Alert: http://amzn.to/2ibD3JB Tripp Lite 7 Outlet Surge Protector: http://amzn.to/2kjnh3M Two Little Fishies Seaweed food: http://amzn.to/2AEZBNL My favorite Protein Skimmer: http://amzn.to/2jJ6V0C Marineland Canister Filter: https://amzn.to/2Gl49YF INSTAGRAM : rotter_photography Twitter: @rotter_tube http://www.rottertubereef.com http://www.steverotter.com ROTTER TUBE videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5cGs4ueI8A&list=PLD281336C1CA27181 NO MORE SUMP SOCKS: ROTTER TUBE filter: http://www.rottertubereef.com View the Rotter Tube: https://youtu.be/bwDfmMXxqC4 https://youtu.be/a_zdJ9aXCQg My eBook is available on Amazon: How to kill ich and marine velvet parasites in your saltwater aquarium FOREVER. http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01C3RQO02
Views: 17307 Rotter Tube Reef
[Learn English Earth 16] FUN SEA FACTS FOR KIDS
 
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Learn English or learning english online is the best trend for educating your child. Get free video about how to master english language with Language Lead Love Youtube Channel [Earth 16] FUN SEA FACTS FOR KIDS Fun Sea Facts for Kids The "sea" or the "ocean" are words used to describe all the interconnected salt waters of the world including the five great oceans (see our oceans page for more). In geographic terms (and for this page), "sea" is used in the name of specific, smaller bodies of seawater. Seas of the world usually make up partly landlocked areas within the much larger five great oceans. Seas only partially landlocked and/or bounded by submarine ridges on the sea floor are often referred too as marginal seas. Opinions often differ over which seas are considered marginal seas, some are found within mediterranean seas. Marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean include: Barents Sea, Beaufort Sea, Chukchi Sea, Kara Sea and Laptev Sea. Some marginal seas of the Southern Ocean include: Amundsen Sea, Ross Sea, and Weddell Sea. Some marginal seas of the Atlantic Ocean include: the Argentine Sea, English Channel, Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay, Irish Sea, North Sea, and Norwegian Sea. Indian Ocean marginal seas include: Andaman Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal. Pacific Ocean marginal seas include: the Bering Sea, Celebes Sea, Coral Sea, East and South China Seas, Philippine Sea, Japan Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Tasman Sea and the Yellow Sea. A mediterranean sea, is a sea that is nearly completely enclosed by land and therefore has a very limited exchange of water with the outer oceans. Water circulation within these seas is often dependent on changed salinity (salt content) and temperature levels rather than open ocean trade winds and currents. There are two types of mediterranean seas: concentration basins, dilution basins. A concentration basin has a higher salinity (salt) level than the open oceans due to evaporation. The upper layer of water is an inflow of fresh oceanic water and the bottom layer of water is out flowing saltier water. A dilution basin has a lower level of salinity (salt) due to the amount of freshwater that enters the sea from rainfall and via rivers. Water at the top is fresher and it flows out of the sea, while at deeper depths saltier oceanic water flows in. Confusingly, the Mediterranean Sea is a type of mediterranean sea and within it are marginal seas such as: the Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Alboran Sea, Balearic Sea, Ionian Sea, Ligurian Sea, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. In the Atlantic Ocean, the American Mediterranean Sea is the combination of the marginal seas of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Mediterranean seas of the Indian Ocean include: Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The Australasian Mediterranean Sea includes the marginal seas of the Banda Sea, the Sulu Sea, the Sulawesi Sea and the Java Sea. Some fully landlocked (inland) salt waters are often called seas, but these water bodies are in fact saltwater lakes or hypersaline lakes. Examples of inland saltwater seas include the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. Brackish seas are waters that have higher levels of salinity than freshwater but lower levels than seawater, including the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea (technically an inland saltwater lake). Leanguage Leads Love Join to our community for taking a lot of teaching english video Facebook: https://goo.gl/d3p21K Google Plus: https://goo.gl/6bT1Xc Twitter: https://goo.gl/imtRQM Pinterest: https://goo.gl/sQRNgs Youtube: https://goo.gl/5cmycP Website: http://www.languageleadslove.com/ Thanks for watching!! Please LIKE, COMMENT, and SHARE. :) ❤SUBSCRIBE Language Leads Love http://bit.ly/2lWyqVC so you won't miss new videos every day ★ ►Watch more EARTH FACTS FOR KIDS http://bit.ly/2z7YdDX ★ ►Watch more Country Facts for kids http://bit.ly/2KKZBO9 ★ ►Watch more ANIMALS - INTERESTING FACTS FOR KIDS http://bit.ly/2IwcauZ ★ ►Watch more TECHNOLOGY - INTERESTING FACTS FOR KIDS http://bit.ly/2IwGLZb ★ ►Watch more BIOGRAPHY - SUPRISING FACTS ABOUT FAMOUS PEOPLE FOR KIDS http://bit.ly/2lAOSe9 ★ ►Watch more Learn English Animals-Easy science projects http://bit.ly/2yLy5yt ★ ►Watch more Human Body - Learning english for kids http://bit.ly/2KbkKop FOLLOW US ON: ►Join to our community for taking a lot of teaching english video ❤Facebook: https://goo.gl/d3p21K ❤Google Plus: https://goo.gl/6bT1Xc ❤Twitter: https://goo.gl/imtRQM ❤Pinterest: https://goo.gl/sQRNgs ❤Youtube: https://goo.gl/5cmycP ❤Website: http://www.languageleadslove.com/ Have a GREAT day and see YOU later! ❤❤❤ ========================== #languageleadslove #factsforkids #animalsforkids #easyscienceforkids #scienceforkids -------------------------------------------------- © Video content by Language Leads Love Production ☞ Do not Reup ⚠ This video was made by me (Please do not copy video clips in any form).
The Black Sea
 
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The Black Sea is bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and the Aegean seas and various straits. The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate eastern Europe and western Asia. The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch. The Black Sea has an area of 436,400 km² (168,500 sq mi) (not including the Sea of Azov),[1] a maximum depth of 2,212 m (7,257 ft),[2] and a volume of 547,000 km3 (131,200 cu mi).[3] The Black Sea forms in an east-west trending elliptical depression which lies between Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine.[4] It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, the Caucasus Mountains to the east and features a wide shelf to the northwest. The longest east-west extent is about 1,175 km. Important cities along the coast include Batumi, Burgas, Constanța, Giresun, Hopa, Istanbul, Kerch, Kherson, Mangalia, Năvodari, Novorossiysk, Odessa, Ordu, Poti, Rize, Samsun, Sevastopol, Sochi, Sukhumi, Trabzon, Varna, Yalta and Zonguldak. The Black Sea has a positive water balance; that is, a net outflow of water 300 km3 per year through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles into the Aegean Sea. Mediterranean water flows into the Black Sea as part of a two-way hydrological exchange. The Black Sea outflow is cooler and less saline, and floats over the warm, more saline Mediterranean inflow -- as a result of differences in density caused by differences in salinity -- leading to a significant anoxic layer well below the surface waters. The Black Sea also receives river water from large Eurasian fluvial systems to the north of the Sea, of which the Don, Dnieper and Danube are the most significant. In the past, the water level has varied significantly. Due to these variations in the water level in the basin the surrounding shelf and associated aprons have sometimes been land. At certain critical water levels it is possible for connections with surrounding water bodies to become established. It is through the most active of these connective routes, the Turkish Straits, that the Black Sea joins the world ocean. When this hydrological link is not present, the Black Sea is a lake, operating independent of the global ocean system. Currently the Black Sea water level is relatively high, thus water is being exchanged with the Mediterranean. The Turkish Straits connect the Black and Aegean Seas and comprise the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles. Text Source: www.wikipedia.org
Views: 477 introduire
Footage: Algae color ‘China’s Dead Sea’ in red and green
 
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A salt lake in the city of Yuncheng, north China’s Shanxi Province, has proven that Mother Nature is an unmatched colorist.   The waters of the salt lake seem to have been dyed in red on one side of the lake, while staying green on the other side. Fittingly enough, an avenue rising above the lake played the demarcation line, separating the two colors in such precision that prompted visitors to snap pictures of this scientifically-explained natural miracle.   The distinct pinkish red color was caused by the proliferation of a certain type of algae Dunaliella salina, it has been reported.   Covering an area of 120 square kilometers, the salt lake, which stretches 30 kilometers in length, is the largest in Shanxi Province and the world’s third largest sodium sulphate inland lake. Due to its high salinity, the lake has been dubbed as “China’s Dead Sea” and offers a safe destination for swimmers who can’t stay afloat. Subscribe to us on Youtube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download for IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download for Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cctvnewschina Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTVNEWS Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CCTVNEWSbeijing Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 56167 CGTN
How Does The Salinity Of Sea Water Affect Its Density?
 
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"How Does The Salinity Of Sea Water Affect Its Density Density of ocean water windows to the universe windows2universe earth density. The sea water around the equator can be very warm. Edu thermohaline circulation. Salinity and water temperature are closely related; This relationship, buoyancy is directly affected by the density of more dense is, it will have seawater (salinity greater than 24. In addition, the makeup of seawater is explained. These two factors led oceanographers to adopt a density unit called salinity is measure of how much salt there in water. Challenger systematically measured salinity, temperature, and water density. Surface seawater when evaporates, the salts are left behind, thus increasing their concentration 22 jun 2010 density varies from place to because it is affected by salinity and temperature. Temperature and salinity of sea water seawater density pressure how does affect the science. How does salinity impact oceans currents? Temperature diagram effect of temperature on. More dense seawater temperature of is affected by heat input from the sun. Does the salinity or density of water affect water's boiling point? As temperature a substance decreases, its increases (because atoms and molecules 4 jan 2018 obtained from conductivity measurements, measurement dard seawater, change in composition would lead to an inconsistency seawater is significantly affected by these changes compared 24 apr 2017 mammoth bodies are not inanimate; Currents move currents large degree (concentration salt. The density salinity relation of standard seawater ocean science. For example the sea density of seawater is a function temperature, salinity, and pressure. Googleusercontent search. One principle of physics is that material less dense this article contains a temperature salinity diagram with lines for different buoyancy. 025 g ml and fresh waterhow does density affect ocean currents? 2 marsigli found that the black sea had a lower salinity than the mediterranean sea if the temperature of water decreases its density increases, but only to a point. How does the salinity of sea water affect its density? Youtube. Salinity and temperature affect the density of sea water. 7) increases as temperature decreases the effect of pressure on density usually can be ignored because most pure water has its maximum density at about 4c, but the maximum density of this creates a complex solution of mineral salts in our ocean basins. How does the salinity of sea water affect its density? Youtubedensity, temperature, and. Increasing salinity also increases the density of sea water. How does the density of water affect ocean currents? What factors water? Researchgate. Pressure effect can be neglected in many instances by using potential temperature increasing salinity (dissolved salts) raises the density of seawater. Salinity is a measure of it can be as cold 2c. When salt is dissolved in fresh water, the density of water increases because mass combination affect seawater. Salinity, temperature, pressure, and water densityscience mission directorate. 31 aug 2001 ocean water gets more dense as temperature goes down. As it gets colder, becomes denser 4 may 2017 salinity, temperature and depth all affect the density of seawater. Such changes in the water cycle could significantly impact not only ocean circulation h. In science, models are a visual way of linking theory with experiment example, at the same temperature (20o c) density salt water is 1. As water gets warmer, its molecules spread out, so it becomes less dense. Temperature, salinity and water density science learning hub. Density of ocean water windows to the universe. Html a class ""imx0m"" url? Q webcache. Ocean density science learning hub. High temperature makes water less dense. So, the colder water, more dense it is. Who enjoy swimming in the ocean, are most important due to their effect on also, pressure can be neglected many instances by using potential temperature. Less dense water floats on top of more 3 may 2018how does the salinity seawater affect its density? Density what are layers that ocean is divided into based temperature? Surface layer affects density."
Views: 144 Question Force
Why is Ocean water Salty? | #aumsum #kids #ocean #water #salty
 
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Several natural processes make ocean water salty. For example, when it rains, the water droplets react with carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and form carbonic acid, making rainwater slightly acidic. This acidic rainwater reacts with minerals present in the rocks and forms new minerals and salts. This acidic rainwater reacts with minerals present in the rocks and form new minerals and salts. These minerals and salts are then carried by flowing water to the oceans, thus making the ocean water salty. In addition to this, along the mid-ocean ridges, magma rises close to the oceanic crust. Here, when the salty ocean water seeps into the earth's crust, it gets hot due to magma. This hot water dissolves more minerals present in the crust and carries them to the oceans through fissures called hydrothermal vents, thus making the ocean water salty. Also, don't forget to subscribe to our YouTube channel.
Views: 652241 It's AumSum Time
The wine dark sea in a pint glass and hair dryer global warming
 
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Good science is repeatable. So I went into the kitchen to test my understanding of oceans empirically with a measured pint glass and a hair dryer. I poured some old wine up to the 12-ounce line. I added a level tablespoon of salt to bring the salinity to about 40 parts per thousand or 4% salt. This is a salinity that is closer to the Mediterranean Sea than to the Gulf of Maine. Like the Mediterranean, the Gulf of Maine is a sea beside the Atlantic Ocean. Due to the many rivers that flow into it, the Gulf of Maine is an estuary. It is less salty than the ocean. The Atlantic Ocean has a salinity of about 36 parts per thousand salt. The Gulf of Maine is about 34 parts per thousand salt. The Mediterranean Sea is closer to 40 parts per thousand salt. Less rain water puddling on its surface and more evaporation helps. I stirred the pint glass with a long handled spoon. Later I found much salt still crystalized on the bottom, so perhaps this was closer to Gulf of Maine seawater after all – Gulf of Maine in a glass. I poured water fresh from the tap out of a small pitcher onto a spoon so as not to disturb the wine dark sea. I filled it to the brim, to the full 16 ounces. There was some mixing because the surface water floating on top of the sea took on a pinkish color. Global Warming came in the form of a turned-on hair dryer, held close to the surface of pint glass. The hot wind made the water surface ripple a standing wave increasing the surface area. I turned my cell phone’s video recorder on. Where the water turned abruptly from pink to red was the halocline, the boundary between salty and fresh water. I watched halocline at the 12-ounce mark in the glass. There was no disturbance, no mixing of surface and deep water. After a few of minutes, the hair dryer was turned off. Energy as heat from the hair dryer had gone into the pink surface layer. Yet, there was no mixing of surface waters into the deep red water. The boundary layer between water bodies remained at the 12-ounce mark. Had the surface water mixed, the portion closest to the wine red water body would have become it and the halocline would have moved up. The boundary between water bodies had not been disturbed by the hairdryer’s hot air. Had I left the glass full overnight, convection would have mixed the waters by morning so that the density was the same throughout the glass. The vastness of ocean water masses prevents their temperature from changing much. This is why one does not warm a cup of coffee with a hair dryer. In the air, the hair dryer moves molecules, convection. Convection is why a hair dryer is best at drying hair. In coffee, the water molecules pass heat to adjacent molecules, conduction. Because water is denser than air it takes a lot more energy to heat the same volume. Convection in a microwave, getting the molecules moving faster, is much faster for warming a cup of coffee than is conduction. The third form of heat transfer is radiation. The heat lamp in a fancy bathroom will warm your body once out of the shower, but it will not dry your hair as quickly as the rush of air molecules from a hair dryer. Radiation is the reason for warm seawaters south of Cape Cod and around Prince Edward Island due to sun warming the sands beneath shallow waters. The Gulf of Maine stays colder because the waters are too deep for sunlight to warm the ocean floors and boulder reefs. Surface waters that warm during the summer soon return to the temperature of the Shelf Water mass below as the heat is conducted over time. Why I did this and for the complete story visit www clamchowdah dot org. The narwhals' tale and the ocean fetch from Baffin Hollow to Bigelow Bight.
Views: 47 Rob Moir
NASA | Aquarius Water Cycle
 
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Scientists need a breadth of information to understand the ocean's processes. That's where Aquarius comes in: the sensor will use advanced technologies to give NASA its first space-based measurements of sea surface salinity, helping scientists to improve predictions of future climate trends and events. This video is public domain and can be downloaded at: ‪http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10709 Like our videos? Subscribe to NASA's Goddard Shorts HD podcast: ‪http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/iTunes/f0004_index.html‬ Or find NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on facebook: ‪http://www.facebook.com/NASA.GSFC‬ Or find us on Twitter: ‪http://twitter.com/NASAGoddard‬
Views: 62673 NASA Goddard
Sea Facts for Kids
 
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Sea Facts for Kids Sea The "sea" or the "ocean" are words used to describe all the interconnected salt waters of the world including the five great oceans (see our oceans page for more). In geographic terms (and for this page), "sea" is used in the name of specific, smaller bodies of seawater. Seas of the world usually make up partly landlocked areas within the much larger five great oceans. Seas only partially landlocked and/or bounded by submarine ridges on the sea floor are often referred too as marginal seas. Opinions often differ over which seas are considered marginal seas, some are found within mediterranean seas. Marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean include: Barents Sea, Beaufort Sea, Chukchi Sea, Kara Sea and Laptev Sea. Some marginal seas of the Southern Ocean include: Amundsen Sea, Ross Sea, and Weddell Sea. Some marginal seas of the Atlantic Ocean include: the Argentine Sea, English Channel, Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay, Irish Sea, North Sea, and Norwegian Sea. Indian Ocean marginal seas include: Andaman Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal. Pacific Ocean marginal seas include: the Bering Sea, Celebes Sea, Coral Sea, East and South China Seas, Philippine Sea, Japan Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Tasman Sea and the Yellow Sea. A mediterranean sea, is a sea that is nearly completely enclosed by land and therefore has a very limited exchange of water with the outer oceans. Water circulation within these seas is often dependent on changed salinity (salt content) and temperature levels rather than open ocean trade winds and currents. There are two types of mediterranean seas: concentration basins, dilution basins. A concentration basin has a higher salinity (salt) level than the open oceans due to evaporation. The upper layer of water is an inflow of fresh oceanic water and the bottom layer of water is out flowing saltier water. A dilution basin has a lower level of salinity (salt) due to the amount of freshwater that enters the sea from rainfall and via rivers. Water at the top is fresher and it flows out of the sea, while at deeper depths saltier oceanic water flows in. Confusingly, the Mediterranean Sea is a type of mediterranean sea and within it are marginal seas such as: the Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Alboran Sea, Balearic Sea, Ionian Sea, Ligurian Sea, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. In the Atlantic Ocean, the American Mediterranean Sea is the combination of the marginal seas of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Mediterranean seas of the Indian Ocean include: Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The Australasian Mediterranean Sea includes the marginal seas of the Banda Sea, the Sulu Sea, the Sulawesi Sea and the Java Sea. Some fully landlocked (inland) salt waters are often called seas, but these water bodies are in fact saltwater lakes or hypersaline lakes. Examples of inland saltwater seas include the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. Brackish seas are waters that have higher levels of salinity than freshwater but lower levels than seawater, including the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea (technically an inland saltwater lake).
Zanclean Flood of the Mediterranean in Sicily - computer animation
 
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Recreation of the evolution of the Messinian salinity crisis, between 6 and 5.3 milion years ago. Note that this is only one of the scenarios proposed by the scientific community studying this period. Time scale (million years per second) not to scale. See also what happened before this, here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bw-qf_zQMWs Video produced by the University of Malta under the supervision of: Aaron Micallef, D. Garcia-Castellanos, and A. Camerlenghi. Based on this original academic publication (open access): Micallef, A., A. Camerlenghi, D. Garcia-Castellanos, Cunarro Otero, Gutscher, Barreca, Spatola, Facchin, Geletti, Krastel, Gross & Urlaub, 2018. Evidence of the Zanclean megaflood in the eastern Mediterranean Basin. Scientific Reports, 8:1078 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-19446-3. [open access]
Graphene Could Solve the World's Water Crisis
 
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Turning saltwater into clean drinking water is an expensive, energy-intensive process, but could the wonder material graphene make it more accessible? New Discovery Could Unlock Graphene's Full Potential - https://youtu.be/J0ZMi83oUjk Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Get 15% off http://www.domain.com domain names and web hosting when you use coupon code SEEKER at checkout! Read More: Top 10 Uses for the World's Strongest Material https://www.seeker.com/top-10-uses-for-the-worlds-strongest-material-1767195089.html "Graphene is the world's new wonder material. It's the thinnest electronic material ever invented, consisting of a layer of carbon atoms just a single atom thick -- the atoms are arranged in a hexagonal pattern. It weighs almost nothing, coming in at only 0.77 grams for a square meter. But it's no lightweight. Graphene is 100 times stronger than steel of the same thickness. It conducts both heat and electricity better than copper, and has outstanding optical and mechanical properties. If it could be produced on an industrial scale, graphene might revolutionize fields such as electronics and even body armor." A Lucky Lab Accident Results in Bucketloads of Graphene https://www.seeker.com/a-lucky-lab-accident-results-in-bucketloads-of-graphene-2230364207.html Apparently, when it comes to making graphene, the 21st-century 'miracle material' taking manufacturing by storm, you can do things the hard way or the fun way. The hard ways - and there are dozens - all have their own complications. Some require high temperatures and long 'cooking' times, others require the use of hazardous chemicals like sulfuric acid or hydrazine. The easy way comes from physicists at Kansas State University, and the process is admirably straightforward: Fill a steel containment unit with oxygen and hydrocarbon gas, detonate it with the spark and, voila, a bucketload of soot-like graphene. Scrape it out and repeat. Graphene sieve turns seawater into drinking water http://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/graphene-sieve-turns-seawater-into-drinking-water/ "Graphene-oxide membranes have attracted considerable attention as promising candidates for new filtration technologies. Now the much sought-after development of making membranes capable of sieving common salts has been achieved. New research demonstrates the real-world potential of providing clean drinking water for millions of people who struggle to access adequate clean water sources. The new findings from a group of scientists at The University of Manchester were published today in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. Previously graphene-oxide membranes have shown exciting potential for gas separation and water filtration." ____________________ Seeker inspires us to see the world through the lens of science and evokes a sense of curiosity, optimism and adventure. Watch More Seeker on our website http://www.seeker.com/shows/ Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/ Seeker on Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/+dnews Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here: http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Special thanks to Julian Huguet for hosting and writing this episode of Seeker! Check Julian out on Twitter: https://twitter.com/jhug00
Views: 411275 Seeker
What Is The Average Salinity Of Freshwater?
 
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"What Is The Average Salinity Of Freshwater Salt makes seawater more dense than freshwater. Salty water needs to be 8 oct 2018 it is widely accepted that many of australia's freshwater ecosystems are becoming degraded by increasing salinity; A result rising saline if, as seems reasonable, the average annual amount applied in ensure drain does not recontaminate fresh however, simply put, 'salinity' refers salts dissolved water, any and includes 'freshwater'. The salinity of water in the ocean averages about 35 parts per thousand (ppt). Html a class ""imx0m"" url? Q webcache. Noaa's national ocean service education estuaries oceanservice. Seawater generally ranges from 33 ppt to 38. The earth's oceans average 35 ppt salinity. Because the water in estuaries is a mix of fresh and ocean water, salinity most less than open on average, seawater world's oceans has approximately more enriched dissolved ions all types compared to this process distills salty such that freshwater separated from for example, average about 35 ppt did you know sea 220 times saltier water? On there distinct decrease near equator at both poles, grams per kilogram (g kg) seawater, or. About 35 parts per thousand (ppt). There are several factors that large volumes of fresh water into the ocean, causing salinity to decrease for example, black sea is so diluted by river runoff, its average only 16 ppt. Salinity of ocean water vernierproperties the sea salinity and temperature fresh or salty? Bay's makes a big difference to underwater. Generally speaking, the salts that while average salinity of ocean water is 35 ppt. The average surface seawater is a little bit more dense than fresh water so it sinks beneath freshwater with salinity greater 0. A url? Q newworldencyclopedia entry freshwater&sa u&ved 0ahukewjb9r_bxa7fahvhihakhcqgczwqfggimaq&usg aovvaw1spzl123hx1uhyewr4ohbq""freshwater new world encyclopedia. Most of the water in. Freshwater salinity is usually less than 0. Fresh water measures 0. Coastal waters and the average temperature of sea is about 2c. Edu exploringourfluidearth. Googleusercontent search. Ppt but less than 25 is called brackish, meaning a combination of salt water and fresh. Ocean salinity science learning hubthe of rivers. The mixture of seawater and fresh water in estuaries is called brackish its salinity can range from 0. Learn more about salinity lake. This number varies in reality roughly between 32 ppt and 37 ppt, with rainfall, river runoff, evaporation, ice formation among factors (onr) salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved a body water (see also soil salinity). In fresh water the concentration of salts, or salinity, is nearly zero. To 35 ppt 12 may 2017 ocean water has a salinity of approximately 35,000 parts per million, which is equivalent thousand or about 3. Gov education kits estuaries01_whatis. 1) introduction what is salinity? How salty is sea water in comparison to fresh water? Manoa. Noaa's national ocean service education estuariessalinity wikipediaphysical properties water chemistry salinity, from discovery of sea sciencedaily. Freshwater lakes 2 dec 2016 fresh water less than 1,000 ppm; Slightly saline from the is so dense that you truly do not sink, as in normal, 22 jun 2010 most of ocean has a salinity between 34 ppt and 36. Saline water, usgs water science school. Water in an estuary has dissolved salt within it. This means that in every kilogram (1000 grams) of seawater, 35 grams are salt. Ppt salinity is commonly measured in parts per thousand (ppt). The salinity gradient generally increases from the input source of an estuary, usually a stream or river, to average ocean is 35ppt and river water 0."
Views: 21 Question Force
Aquarius Sea Surface Salinity Tour 2012
 
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This video provides a global tour of sea surface salinity using measurements taken by NASA's Aquarius instrument aboard the Aquarius/SAC-D spacecraft, from December 2011 through December 2012. Red represents areas of high salinity, while blue represents areas of low salinity. Aquarius is a focused effort to measure sea surface salinity and will provide the global view of salinity variability needed for climate studies. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the Space Agency of Argentina (Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales). View the press release: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/aquarius/news/data-first-year.html This visualization celebrates over a year of successful Aquarius observations. Sea surface salinity is shown at various locations around the globe highlighting the following: - the Atlantic Ocean is generally much more salty than the Pacific - low salinity waters in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific are transported westward - high influxes of fresh water from the Amazon River basin can be clearly seen - low salinity waters are transported by the Labrador current to the south - high influxes of fresh water from the Ganges River basin can be seen keeping the Eastern Indian Ocean lower salinity than the Western Indian Ocean The range of time shown is December 2011 through Decemeber 2012. The data continuously loops through this range every 6 seconds. This visualization was generated based on version 2.0 of the Aquarius data products with all 3 scanning beams. Original file source: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a004000/a004045/ Please give credit for this item to: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
Views: 1095 NASAJPLPODAAC
The Water Bodies | The Dr. Binocs Show | Educational Videos For Kids
 
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Learn about Water Bodies with Dr. Binocs. Hey kids! Do you know about the different water bodies on our planet Earth? Have you heard of rivers, lakes and oceans? Join Dr. Binocs as he tells you about the different water bodies. Share on Facebook - https://goo.gl/3bTe36 Tweet about this - https://goo.gl/xUQ3Au Share on G+ - https://goo.gl/nhpG41 Voice-Over Artist: Joseph D'Souza Script Writer: Sreejoni Nag Background Score: Agnel Roman Sound Engineer: Mayur Bakshi Animation: Qanka Animation Studio Creative Team (Rajshri): Kavya Krishnaswamy, Alisha Baghel, Sreejoni Nag Producer: Rajjat A. Barjatya Copyrights and Publishing: Rajshri Entertainment Private Limited All rights reserved. SUBSCRIBE to Peekaboo Kidz:http://bit.ly/SubscribeTo-Peekabookidz Catch Dr.Binocs At - https://goo.gl/SXhLmc To Watch More Popular Nursery Rhymes Go To - https://goo.gl/CV0Xoo To Watch Alphabet Rhymes Go To - https://goo.gl/qmIRLv To Watch Compilations Go To - https://goo.gl/nW3kw9 Catch More Lyricals At - https://goo.gl/A7kEmO Like our Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/peekabootv
Views: 794722 Peekaboo Kidz
Why Sea Water Salinity,  In Odia
 
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Why sea water is salty,sea water is salty,sea,ocean,sea salt,water of sea,salty water of sea,science,why is sea water salty,salty water,why ocean water is salty,why is the sea salty,why is the ocean salty,Why sea water is salty?,ocean salt,salt lake,discovery news, ..............................                   ...........................                 ........................................... .............................                    ............................. Share, support, subscribe Subscribe- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAMXyzAr9swIWSbkTAHfrZw .................................................................................. Free song (non-copyright)-https://www.bensound.com Free video(non-copyright)-https://pixabay.com -https://videvo.com -https://pixel.com .................................................................................. Your love & Support #odishaknowdge About- ODISHA Knowledge is  a YouTube channel, Where you will find Knowledge and imotion videos in Odia,           {{New video is posted everyday;)}}                        " ଜୟ ଜଗନ୍ନାଥ "
Views: 268 Mobile Income
NASA's SMAP Mission Captures the Land/Ocean Response to 2017 Hurricanes
 
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Evolution of the SMAP sea surface salinity (SSS) and soil moisture responses to Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria of 2017. The ocean salinity response to hurricanes is a combination of two competing effects: 1) salinity freshening due to enhanced precipitation and 2) salinity increase due to wind stress-generated vertical mixing, wherein increased salinity from a mid-level maximum (found in typical salinity profiles) is brought to the surface. The two effects are clearly observed along the tracks of Harvey, Irma, and Maria. Salinity freshening due to precipitation can be seen along the hurricane tracks, whereas increased salinity from wind stress-generated vertical mixing is observed to the right of the hurricane tracks, especially Irma and Maria. Hurricane Harvey provides a nice example of the land-ocean response, wherein increased precipitation led to elevated soil moisture levels in Texas that drained into the adjacent Gulf of Mexico post-storm decreasing coastal salinity. [SMAP SSS: 10.5067/SMP40-3TPCS].
Views: 140 NASAJPLPODAAC
2013 Sea surface salinity monthly maps
 
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For Aquarius workshop
Views: 23 Keith White
Landlocked sea
 
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Views: 408 Copy Cut's
biodiversity Black Sea
 
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Biodiversity on the shore of the Black Sea near Eforie Nord (Romania).
Views: 124 Cristian Moga
Black Sea
 
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The Black Sea is a sea in Southeastern Europe. It is bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and the Aegean Seas and various straits. The Bosphorus Strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the Strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate eastern Europe and western Asia. The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch. The Black Sea has an area of 436,400 km2 (168,500 sq mi) (not including the Sea of Azov), a maximum depth of 2,212 m (7,257 ft), and a volume of 547,000 km3 (131,000 cu mi). The Black Sea forms in an east-west trending elliptical depression which lies between Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south and by the Caucasus Mountains to the east, and features a wide shelf to the northwest. The longest east-west extent is about 1,175 km (730 mi). This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 527 Audiopedia
Saildrone Baja 2018 Data Animation from April 11, 2018 to June 11, 2018
 
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1) Top-left panel shows the Saildrone sea water salinity data overlays the sea surface salinity map from SMAP RSS Level 3 V3 70KM 8day running mean (https://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/dataset/SMAP_RSS_L3_SSS_SMI_8DAY-RUNNINGMEAN_V3_70KM). 2) Top-right panel shows the Saildrone sea surface temperature data overlays the sea surface temperature map from GHRSST Level 4 MUR V4.1 (https://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/dataset/MUR-JPL-L4-GLOB-v4.1). 3) Bottom-left panel plots the saildrone sea water salinity data (black line) and its matched SMAP RSS sea surface salinity data (green line). The red line is the saildrone Chlorophyll concentration in microgram L-1. 4) Bottom-right plot represents the saildrone SST (black line) and its matched MUR SST (green). The red line is the saildrone sea water bulk temperature measurement.
Views: 92 NASAJPLPODAAC
Why is the Sea Water Salty?
 
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If you’ve ever taken a gulp of #SeaWater, either accidentally or in a moment of insanity, then you undoubtedly noticed that seawater is actually very salty. If you haven’t tasted it yet, why not give it a try? We do have plenty of oceans around the world! Contrary to popular belief, freshwater, which is the water we drink, also contains some amount of salt. However, because the concentration of salt is much less than seawater, this salinity isn’t apparent in the taste of the water. There are 2 theories attributed to the #SalinityOfSeawater. One is that when rainwater seeps through large rocks, it mixes with some of the minerals from the rocks, a process that is called weathering. This water, which has taken in some of the salty substances of the rocks, then flows through rivers, making the water in the river slightly salty too. That being said, you won’t find the river water salty, as the concentration of salt in that water is also quite low. The water from all rivers is deposited in the seas and along with it, the salt also gets deposited, making the seawater salty. This exact same process has been going on for millions of years, which has made the salinity of seawater become apparent to our senses. The other reason that is commonly attributed to the salinity of seawater was discovered a number of years ago. There are some areas on the ocean floor where seawater seeps into the oceanic crust, becomes hotter, dissolves minerals from the crust, and then flows back to the ocean. Again, this process takes a long, long time, but it can definitely contribute to salinity. Furthermore, it has been found that underwater volcanic eruptions also impart salinity to seawater. As you can see, there are plenty of popular explanations, but the bottom line is this – don’t take a gulp when you’re thirsty, because it will only make things worse! Flying High by FREDJI https://soundcloud.com/fredjimusic https://www.facebook.com/fredjimusic/ Music promoted by Audio Library https://youtu.be/RYgKd-6_Fc4
Views: 1729 Sokumo Facts
NEW FISH in the saltwater aquarium!
 
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Today we get and add the new fish to the saltwater aquarium fish tank! Instagram ► https://www.instagram.com/uarujoey/ The reveal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LzEbSZN82IU JOIN MY TEAM: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCM9oZkV3tGJuUUhgZaiGZkQ/join Get the ultimate DIY book ► http://thekingofdiy.com LIMITED EDITION SHIRTS!! ► https://goo.gl/fvSh6Y Facebook ► http://facebook.com/uarujoey Instagram ► https://www.instagram.com/uarujoey/ The king of DIY aquarium projects, education and inspiration! Check back daily as I make a video almost every day! MAIL TO: PO BOX 25054 Truro, NS B2N 7B8 Canada How to build aquariums: https://goo.gl/gu3CsK How to build aquarium filters: https://goo.gl/cw0Jl9 How to build aquarium stands: https://goo.gl/9JB9jo How to build aquarium equipment: https://goo.gl/BHkT2s How to build aquarium lighting: https://goo.gl/Wg4kt0 How to build aquarium decorations: https://goo.gl/crQkeT Varius aquarium tutorials: https://goo.gl/BKCb3a ALL Thursday videos: https://goo.gl/DPHjEM ALL Sunday videos: https://goo.gl/Rn0wmS My aquarium pumps, circulation and lights are by: http://ecotechmarine.com My aquarium racks and the aquariums within them were made by: http://customaquariums.com My aquarium backgrounds are made by: https://aquadecorbackgrounds.com/
Views: 762589 The king of DIY
Sea Surface Salinity from Aquarius satellite & geostrophic velocity anomaly
 
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Daily images of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) estimated from satellite (Aquarius mission) observations (contours), overlapped by the absolute geostrophic velocity (black vectors) calculated from altimeter satellite data (Aviso product) for the Western Equatorial North Atlantic (WENA) region. The blue and red lines displayed in the inset panel represent the time evolution of SSS at the locations of M5 (blue circle) and M4 (red square) moorings, respectively. The images span from September 1th 2012 to December 1th 2013, covering the deployment period of the sediment traps. This animation is made by: Dr. Leandro Ponsoni
Views: 66 NIOZ
Caspian Sea, Baku Region, Azerbaijan, Eurasia
 
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The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (not including Garabogazköl Aylagy) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi). It is in an endorheic basin (it has no outflows) and is bounded to the northwest by Russia, to the west by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran, to the southeast by Turkmenistan, and to the northeast by Kazakhstan. The ancient inhabitants of its coast perceived the Caspian Sea as an ocean, probably because of its saltiness and seeming boundlessness. It has a salinity of approximately 1.2%, about a third the salinity of most seawater. The Caspian Sea, like the Aral Sea and Black Sea, is a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea. It became landlocked about 5.5 million years ago due to tectonic uplift and a fall in sea level. During warm and dry climatic periods, the landlocked sea has all but dried up, depositing evaporitic sediments like halite that have become covered by wind-blown deposits and were sealed off as an evaporite sink when cool, wet climates refilled the basin. Due to the current inflow of fresh water, the Caspian Sea is a freshwater lake in its northern portions. It is more saline on the Iranian shore, where the catchment basin contributes little flow. Currently, the mean salinity of the Caspian is one third that of the Earth's oceans. The Garabogazköl embayment, which dried up when water flow from the main body of the Caspian was blocked in the 1980s but has since been restored, routinely exceeds oceanic salinity by a factor of 10. The Caspian Sea is the largest inland body of water in the world and accounts for 40 to 44% of the total lacustrine waters of the world. The coastlines of the Caspian are shared by Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan. The Caspian is divided into three distinct physical regions: the Northern, Middle, and Southern Caspian. The Northern--Middle boundary is the Mangyshlak Threshold, which runs through Chechen Island and Cape Tiub-Karagan. The Middle--Southern boundary is the Apsheron Threshold, a sill of tectonic origin between the Eurasian continent and an oceanic remnant, that runs through Zhiloi Island and Cape Kuuli. The Garabogazköl bay is the saline eastern inlet of the Caspian, which is part of Turkmenistan and at times has been a lake in its own right due to the isthmus which cuts it off from the Caspian. Divisions between the three regions are dramatic. The Northern Caspian only includes the Caspian shelf, and is very shallow; it accounts for less than 1% of the total water volume with an average depth of only 5--6 metres (16--20 ft). The sea noticeably drops off towards the Middle Caspian, where the average depth is 190 metres (620 ft). The Southern Caspian is the deepest, with oceanic depths of over 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). The Middle and Southern Caspian account for 33% and 66% of the total water volume, respectively. The northern portion of the Caspian Sea typically freezes in the winter, and in the coldest winters ice forms in the south as well. Over 130 rivers provide inflow to the Caspian, with the Volga River being the largest. A second affluent, the Ural River, flows in from the north, and the Kura River flows into the sea from the west. In the past, the Amu Darya (Oxus) of Central Asia in the east often changed course to empty into the Caspian through a now-desiccated riverbed called the Uzboy River, as did the Syr Darya farther north. The Caspian also has several small islands; they are primarily located in the North and have a collective land area of roughly 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi). Adjacent to the North Caspian is the Caspian Depression, a low-lying region 27 metres (89 ft) below sea level. The Central Asian steppes stretch across the northeast coast, while the Caucasus mountains hug the Western shore. The biomes to both the north and east are characterized by cold, continental deserts. Conversely, the climate to the southwest and south are generally warm with uneven elevation due to a mix of highlands and mountain ranges; the drastic changes in climate alongside the Caspian have led to a great deal of biodiversity in the region. The Caspian Sea has numerous islands throughout, all of them near the coasts. There are none in the deeper parts of the Sea. Ogurja Ada is the largest island. The island is 37 km (23 mi) long, with gazelles roaming freely on it. In the North Caspian, the majority of the islands are small and uninhabited, like the Tyuleniy Archipelago, an Important Bird Area (IBA), although some of them have human settlements.
Views: 5907 Pietro Pecco
black pearl
 
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The Black Sea is a body of water between Eastern/Southeastern Europe and Western Asia, bounded by Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine.[1] It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Rioni, Southern Bug, and Dniester. The Black Sea has an area of 436,400 km2 (168,500 sq mi) (not including the Sea of Azov),[2] a maximum depth of 2,212 m (7,257 ft),[3] and a volume of 547,000 km3 (131,000 cu mi).[4] It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south and by the Caucasus Mountains to the east, and features a wide shelf to the northwest. The longest east-west extent is about 1,175 km (730 mi). Important cities along the coast include Batumi, Burgas, Constanța, Giresun, Hopa, Istanbul, Kerch, Mangalia, Năvodari, Novorossiysk, Odessa, Ordu, Poti, Rize, Sinop, Samsun, Sevastopol, Sochi, Sozopol, Sukhumi, Trabzon, Varna, Yalta and Zonguldak. The Black Sea has a positive water balance; that is, a net outflow of water 300 km3 (72 cu mi) per year through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles into the Aegean Sea. Mediterranean water flows into the Black Sea as part of a two-way hydrological exchange. The Black Sea outflow is cooler and less saline, and floats over the warm, more saline Mediterranean inflow – as a result of differences in density caused by differences in salinity – leading to a significant anoxic layer well below the surface waters. The Black Sea drains into the Mediterranean Sea and then the Atlantic Ocean, via the Aegean Sea and various straits. The Bosphorus Strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the Strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate Eastern Europe and Western Asia. The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch. The water level has varied significantly. Due to these variations in the water level in the basin, the surrounding shelf and associated aprons have sometimes been land. At certain critical water levels it is possible for connections with surrounding water bodies to become established. It is through the most active of these connective routes, the Turkish Straits, that the Black Sea joins the world ocean. When this hydrological link is not present, the Black Sea is an endorheic basin, operating independently of the global ocean system, like the Caspian Sea for example. Currently the Black Sea water
Views: 21 pawan kumar
Oxygen effects on Black Sea ecosystems. ARGO-type floats deployment on board MARIA S. MERIAN
 
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Oxygen distribution and its effect on Black Sea ecosystems. Deployment of ARGO-type floats on board of the German Research Vessel MARIA S. MERIAN (April / May 2010) Oxygen sensor-equipped floats take profiles of oxygen, temperature, and salinity for up to three years while drifting with the Black Sea currents
Views: 118 hypox2009
10 Things You Didn’t Know About the Dead Sea
 
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The Dead Sea, also known as the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. It’s a hypersaline lake that is truly one of Earth’s unique places. Below you will find ten interesting facts along with a gallery of picture of this fascinating place. All information below via Wikipedia, enjoy! 1. The surface and shores of the Dead Sea are 423 metres (1,388 ft) below sea level, making it Earth’s lowest elevation on land. 2. The Dead Sea is 377 m (1,237 ft) deep, making it the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. A hypersaline lake is a landlocked body of water that contains significant concentrations of sodium chloride or other mineral salts, with saline levels surpassing that of ocean water. 3. With 33.7% salinity, the Dead Sea is one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water. Although Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond) have reported higher salinities. 4. The Dead Sea’s unusually high salt concentration means that people can easily float in the Dead Sea due to natural buoyancy. In this respect the Dead Sea is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States. 5. The Dead Sea is roughly 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish (hence its name). The high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms such as fish and aquatic plants from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present. 6. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometres (42 mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley and its main tributary is the Jordan River. 7. The Dead Sea area has become a major center for health research and treatment for several reasons. The mineral content of the water, the very low content of pollens and other allergens in the atmosphere, the reduced ultraviolet component of solar radiation, and the higher atmospheric pressure at this great depth each have specific health effects. 8. Biblically, the Dead Sea was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world’s first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. 9. An unusual feature of the Dead Sea is its discharge of asphalt. From deep seeps, the Dead Sea constantly spits up small pebbles and blocks of the black substance. Asphalt coated figurines and bitumen coated Neolithic skulls from archaeological sites have been found. Egyptian mummification processes used asphalt imported from the Dead Sea region. 10. The world’s lowest road, Highway 90, runs along the Israeli and West Bank shores of the Dead Sea at 393 m (1,289 ft) below sea level.
Views: 186 ABBE
How Is The Ocean Stratified?
 
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Answers to study break questions essentials 5th chapter 6 ocean stratification & light and sound flashcards. Start studying ocean stratification & light and sound. 12 nov 2012 natural stratification of the ocean column occurs as pictured below. Problem 10sq how is the ocean stratified by density? . Stratification (water) wikipedia en. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, other study tools. Water stratification occurs when water masses with different properties salinity (halocline), oxygenation (chemocline), density (pycnocline), temperature (thermocline) form layers that act as barriers to mixing which could lead anoxia or euxinia the salt content of also affects ocean. Googleusercontent search. Solutions for chapter 6 problem 10sq. Warming ocean slows phytoplankton growth image of the day. In most region of the ocean water column is stably strati ed. With natural stratification a vertical water column is formed due to the 6 may 2014in oceans and seas, governed mainly by variations in temperature salinity at surface also below surface, where 20 sep 2015 of southern ocean glacial co2 variation using effect enhanced deep on atmo density major players ocean's layers. In some regions and during sometimes, however, strati cation 8 apr 2016 posts about ocean stratification written by robertscribbler layered water is stratified the interface also acts to prevent oceans was evaporated, salt would be enough cover all of refers arrangement masses in layers according their periods increased have been associated with ocean's dissolved solids are derived from erosion weathering how does density limit vertical movement seawater? . Stratification (water) wikipediaocean stratification and circulation. Climate change and ocean stratification. The upper layer is called the surface or mixed and typically we propose that cooling caused this increased stratification by weakening role of temperature in polar ocean density structure so as to reduce its 7 dec 2006 effect most obvious part world's oceans scientists describe permanently stratified ocean, bounded black lines a) stable unstable strati cation. Sea surface salinity sea water is about a 3. Ocean stratification demonstration (salinity and temperature ocean youtubearticle about of water by the role southern in glacial atmospheric co2 density surface. Chapter 5 mixing processes in the ocean stable unstable stratification effects of temperature & salinity on density. Stratification (water) wikipedia. Wikipedia wiki stratification_(water) url? Q webcache. The ocean is stratified (layered) into three zones based on the density of seawater. Take away ideas and understandings the ocean holds 98. Density of water density mass volume units g cm3 ( ml kg l) @ 4oc essentials oceanography (7th edition) view more editions. How is the ocean stratified by density? What physical f putting it all together stratification density g115 polar in a cold climate article nature.
The Black Sea Flood - Top 10 Natural Disasters
 
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Evidence suggests the world map was redrawn by a mega flood of a biblical proportions about 9 thousand years ago. The area now covered by the Black Sea . Visit our new website: Blog: Twitter: . Underwater archaeologist and finder of the sunken Titanic Robert Ballard searches the depths of the Black Sea for evidence of the Biblical Flood. The black sea . Six million years ago, the Mediterranean Sea nearly dried up during what is called the "Messinian Salinity Crisis". This movie shows a physics-based computer . The Black Sea deluge is a hypothesized catastrophic rise in the level of the Black Sea circa 5600 BC due to waters from the Mediterranean Sea breaching a sill .
Views: 8 Corey Hogan
CTD Recovery at Goban Spur on JC062
 
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Recovery of a CTD to collect water samples. CTD's measure Conductivity (salinity), Temperature, and Depth.
Views: 222 NOC news
Small-scale fisheries: the future for the Mediterranean and the Black Sea
 
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This animation video is a call to action to support sustainable small-scale fisheries and promote best practices in order to ensure a sustainable future for the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It gives a general overview of the current status of small-scale fisheries in the region and of the potential they offer. There is momentum to be seized since there is a will of the SSF community and policy actors to share knowledge and look for innovative solutions and support is ensured by the GFCM to promote best practices and their replication in the region. On the occasion of the High-level conference on sustainable small-scale fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea held in Malta on 26 September 2018, policy actors are invited to take a common commitment for the next decade through the Ministerial Declaration on a Regional Plan of Action for sustainable small-scale fisheries (RPOA-SSF), Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=FAOoftheUN Follow #UNFAO on social media! * Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/UNFAO * Google+ - https://plus.google.com/+UNFAO * Instagram - https://instagram.com/unfao/ * LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/fao * Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/faoknowledge © FAO: http://www.fao.org
Summary of the NHK documentary on the Messinian salinity crisis
 
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Resumen del documental NHK sobre la crisis salina del Messiniense. NHK (main public Japan TV) Program: Giga Mystery Koji Manabe (Director, NHK, Japón) Messinian MSC
Somudror pani sukiye jay na keno?| সমুদ্রের পানি শুকিয়ে যায় না কেন? [remark bd][remark bangladesh]
 
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Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean. On average, seawater in the world's oceans has a salinity of about 3.5% (35 g/L, 599 mM). This means that every kilogram (roughly one liter by volume) of seawater has approximately 35 grams (1.2 oz) of dissolved salts (predominantly sodium (Na+ ) and chloride (Cl− ) ions). Average density at the surface is 1.025 kg/L. Seawater is denser than both fresh water and pure water (density 1.0 kg/L at 4 °C (39 °F)) because the dissolved salts increase the mass by a larger proportion than the volume. The freezing point of seawater decreases as salt concentration increases. At typical salinity, it freezes at about −2 °C (28 °F). The coldest seawater ever recorded (in a liquid state) was in 2010, in a stream under an Antarctic glacier, and measured −2.6 °C (27.3 °F).[2] Seawater pH is typically limited to a range between 7.5 and 8.4. However, there is no universally accepted reference pH-scale for seawater and the difference between measurements based on different reference scales may be up to 0.14 units videos & photos by: https://pixabay.com https://videos.pexels.com
Views: 260 Remark Bangladesh

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