Home
Search results “Transboundary waters aral sea”
Water Unites - From the Glaciers to the Aral Sea
 
01:25:28
This film shows in detail the transboundary water management in Central Asia
Views: 150 waterunitesca
Water Unites - From the glaciers to the Aral Sea, in Russian Language
 
01:25:28
The long film takes an indepth look at the transboundary water resources management in Central Asia.
Views: 23 waterunitesca
Searching for Water Peace -- United Nations International Year of Water Cooperation
 
07:48
This year is the United Nations International Year of Water Cooperation. One important area of cooperation involves transboundary rivers, which can be a source of conflict, or economic benefit the countries. Over the last 50 years, over 200 treaties have been signed regulating the use of rivers such as the Indus, Jordan and Danube. But in Central Asia, the five republics have been talking for 20 years without agreeing how to share the waters of the great Aral Sea Basin, source of water for agriculture and hydropower. Now they may be getting somewhere. This report from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization explains the background of the issue and why hope for better cooperation is in the air. © FAO: http://www.fao.org
Water and Energy in Central Asia
 
06:47
From the Glaciers to the Aral Sea - Water Unites - II
Views: 1112 waterunitesca
Evolution in Transboundary Watershed Governance: Lessons from the Mackenzie Basin
 
01:28:07
In this webinar, speakers share the story behind the development and negotiation of the historic transboundary water agreement: “Mackenzie River Basin: NWT-Alberta Bilateral Water Management Agreement,” signed in March, 2015 by the Governments of Northwest Territories and Alberta. Speakers explain what makes the agreement innovative in Canada and the world, and discuss why they think similar transboundary agreements are critical to the successful governance of watersheds in Canada. SPEAKERS Honorable J. Michael Miltenberger, Minister, Environment and Natural Resources, Government of Northwest Territories Merrell-Ann Phare, Chief Negotiator, NWT-Alberta Bilateral Water Management Agreement
Views: 181 POLISWaterProject
The Water-Energy Challenge in Central Asia
 
05:40
Communities in Central Asia talk about how water is vital but scarce resource across the region. The Central Asia Energy-Water Development Program (CAEWDP) works to ensure effective energy and water management, including at the regional level. This work should accelerate investment, promote economic growth and stable livelihoods.
Views: 1094 World Bank
P. S. Rao on the Prevention of Transboundary Harm arising from Hazardous Activites
 
01:10
To watch the full lecture, please go to http://legal.un.org/avl/ls/Rao_EL.html Dr. P. S. Rao, Special Adviser, Attorney-General Office State of Qatar, Former Member International Law Commission
Uzbekistan's Water Issue
 
04:11
Uzbekistan's Water Issue
Views: 190 AmazingDude72mm
How improved water management can help Central Asia - Akmal Karimov
 
06:57
Central Asia's population has doubled in the last 30 years. Akmal Karimov of IWMI's Tashkent office talks about how this growth has affected the often conflicting demands for water in the food and energy sectors. http://centralasia.iwmi.org/
Views: 562 iwmimedia
Water Conflicts - EMDV8079
 
02:38
http://programsandcourses.anu.edu.au/course/EMDV8079 The world's hydrological systems are under severe pressure from economic growth and climate change. The water crisis will intensify in coming decades as a result of population increase, rising levels of individual consumption and the political processes and governance failures that determine who will benefit most and who will pay the costs of competition and conflict. Participants in this course will gain an overview of the range of controversies involved in the world's water conflicts and acquire a good understanding of a particular issue that they choose to research in depth. Subjects will include multi-level water governance, disputes about the building and operation of large dams, environmental sustainability, public participation, NGOs (international and national) the roles of donor governments and international organizations such as the World Bank, systems of water law, water markets, environmental refugees, climate change adaptation, international relations and different approaches to defining water security. To place issues in a context and show how they compound and interact together each week will start by examining a particular hydrological system. The examples featured have been chosen to illustrate a wide variety of contested situations. Conflicts take many forms but problems with governance is a central theme. The Rhine, Colorado, Danube, Nile, Jordan, Euphrates, the Aral Sea, Ganges, Amazon, Yangtze, Mekong and Murray-Darling river systems as well as the vast groundwater basins of northern India, China and the high plains of the United States, are just a few examples of hydrological systems in decline because of poor governance. ===================== https://crawford.anu.edu.au/ ===================== Video produced by the Digital Learning Project http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/digital-learning/
Transboundary Pollution
 
01:45
This screencast has been created with Explain Everything™ Interactive Whiteboard for iPad
Berlin Process
 
06:21
From the Glaciers to the Aral Sea - Water Unites - V
Views: 194 waterunitesca
The Trend and Dominant Causes of Water Resource Challenges in Central Asia
 
56:17
Lecture by Xianwei Wang, Sun Yat-sen University Central Asia is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world, due to global change. It feeds over one hundred million people and is facing severe challenges with sustainable water supply. The Tieshan Mountains are a “water tower” for Central Asia, providing critical water resources for this area. This talk presents the status and variations of water storages particularly the snow and glaciers, of the Tienshan Mountains, using observations from ground and space. The dominant causes of water resource changes is discussed.
Sven Alkalaj, UNECE, addressing a workshop on water cooperation
 
08:44
Sven Alkalaj's speech presented at the Workshop on Transboundary Water Cooperation "Latin American and Pan-European Regions: Sharing Experiences and Learning from Each Other" taking place from 11 to 12 June 2013 in Buenos Aires, Argentina For more information on the workshop, please see the following link: http://www.unece.org/transboundary_water_cooperation_workshop_eclac.html
Views: 158 UNECE
Water Crisis Central Asia
 
03:06
In Central Asia, low rainfall has led to real concerns of drought this summer. The stability of Central Asian nations depends in large part on a steady supply to feed major industries like cotton agriculture. And many analysts think there is real potential for conflict over such an important resource. It is here that Russia is looking to extend its energy monopoly. If it gains control of the mountain dams it could reassert control over the entire region. Report filmed by Robin Forestier-Walker in Kyrgyzstan for Al Jazeera broadcast 19th March 2009.
Views: 3479 foresr01
371 - Central Asia - Week 1 - Part 3
 
20:50
Description Not Provided.
Views: 244 umbcpolisci
Climate Change, Water, and Conflict in the Niger River Basin
 
01:47:04
New research on the Niger River Basin finds that the effects of climate change in the region are pervasive and that "latent conflict" between groups -- disagreements and disputes over damage to farmland and restricted access to water, but not physical violence -- is common. "You've got vulnerable people, vulnerable households, vulnerable communities living within... fragile systems, governance systems, [and] environmental systems," said Phil Vernon, International Alert's director of programs for Africa and peacebuilding issues, at "Climate Change, Water, and Conflict in the Niger River Basin," an event hosted by the Wilson Center on November 17.
Views: 803 WoodrowWilsonCenter
The 1997 UN Convention on International Watercourses - Dr. Mohammad Daud Rezaee
 
21:18
Presentation by Dr. Mohammad Daud Rezaee on the Significance of the 1997 UN Convention on International Watercourses for Afghanistan National Conference on Afghanistan Waters Duran Research & Analysis November 15th, 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan
Aral Sea | Wikipedia audio article
 
34:49
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Aral Sea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Aral Sea () was an endorheic lake (one with no outflow) lying between Kazakhstan (Aktobe and Kyzylorda Regions) in the north and Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan autonomous region) in the south. The name roughly translates as "Sea of Islands", referring to over 1,100 islands that had dotted its waters; in the Turkic languages aral means "island, archipelago". The Aral Sea drainage basin encompasses Uzbekistan and parts of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and Iran.Formerly the fourth-largest lake in the world with an area of 68,000 km2 (26,300 sq mi), the Aral Sea has been shrinking since the 1960s after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects. By 1997, it had declined to 10% of its original size, splitting into four lakes – the North Aral Sea, the eastern and western basins of the once far larger South Aral Sea, and one smaller intermediate lake. By 2009, the southeastern lake had disappeared and the southwestern lake had retreated to a thin strip at the western edge of the former southern sea; in subsequent years, occasional water flows have led to the southeastern lake sometimes being replenished to a small degree. Satellite images taken by NASA in August 2014 revealed that for the first time in modern history the eastern basin of the Aral Sea had completely dried up. The eastern basin is now called the Aralkum Desert. In an ongoing effort in Kazakhstan to save and replenish the North Aral Sea, a dam project was completed in 2005; in 2008, the water level in this lake had risen by 12 m (39 ft) compared to 2003. Salinity has dropped, and fish are again found in sufficient numbers for some fishing to be viable. The maximum depth of the North Aral Sea is 42 m (138 ft) (as of 2008).The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters". The region's once-prosperous fishing industry has been essentially destroyed, bringing unemployment and economic hardship. The water from the diverted Syr Darya river is used to irrigate about 5 million acres (2 million hectares) of farmland in the Ferghana Valley. The Aral Sea region is also heavily polluted, with consequential serious public health problems. UNESCO added the historical documents concerning the development of the Aral Sea to its Memory of the World Register as a unique resource to study this "environmental tragedy".
Views: 37 wikipedia tts
Water Management in Central Asia (Salamat ALAMANOV, Institute of geology, Kyrgyzstan)
 
28:27
Colloque « La gestion de l'eau en Asie centrale », 29-30 mai 2015, Och, Kirghizstan, organisé par l'Institut Français d’Études sur l'Asie centrale (IFEAC) et l'Université d'État de Och, avec le soutien de l'Institut français. Конференция «Управление водными ресурсами в Центральной Азии», 29-30 мая, г. Ош, Кыргызстан была организована Французским Институтом Исследований Центральной Азии (IFEAC) и Ошским Государственным Университетом при поддержке Institut Français в Париже. Conference “Water Management in Central Asia”, 29-30 May 2015, Osh, Kyrgyzstan, organised by the French Institute for Central Asian Studies (IFEAC) and Osh State University, with the support of Institut Français in Paris. http://ifeac.hypotheses.org/2507
Views: 91 IFEAC
Pollution bassin Grenoblois
 
01:24
Vidéo prise a saint Paul de Varces, sud grenoblois by XV Informatique
Views: 23 XV Informatique
The Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia
 
14:47
Ecological problems of one country directly influences environment of other states. For instance, smog in China threatens the entire world, scientists say. It intensifies storms in the Pacific ocean and leads to global climatic changes. As a result, the agricultural sector suffers damages, such as reduction in yields and life stock. Moreover, all that can even provoke fires. How does the world community solve ecological problems and what role has been given to international organizations?
Views: 95 Kazakh TV
Water resources
 
15:19
Water is one of the main need of humanity. Indeed, people without water can live maximum 1 week.
Views: 27 Kazakh TV
Water and Agriculture - Panel Discussion and Q&A
 
50:02
Part of the 2010 Summer Teacher Institute on Water: An Interdisciplinary Examination of the World's Most Essential Resource ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/UCHICAGOytSubscribe About #UChicago: A destination for inquiry, research, and education, the University of Chicago empowers scholars to challenge conventional thinking. Our diverse community of creative thinkers celebrates ideas, and is celebrated for them. #UChicago on the Web: Home: http://bit.ly/UCHICAGO-home News: http://bit.ly/UCHICAGO-news Facebook: http://bit.ly/UCHICAGO-FB Twitter: http://bit.ly/UCHICAGO-TW Instagram: http://bit.ly/UCHICAGO-IG University of Chicago on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/uchicago *** ACCESSIBILITY: If you experience any technical difficulties with this video or would like to make an accessibility-related request, please email [email protected]
The Projects: Transaqua for Lake Chad in Africa
 
07:33
SouthEast Asian Water And Power Alliance as envisaged by Thone Siharath, one of a big project to use abundance of water in Laos for mass food production that will feed real physical economy, greening the deserts, completely transform the land potential in South Asia. For that, Global Glass-Steagall, Public Credit system to fund humankind beneficial Mega project typified by this report around the planet and including Global Interest Free, Fix Exchange Rates system must be in place.
Views: 1190 seawapa.org
Will  Change Exacerbate or Mitigate Water Stress in Central Asia?
 
06:20
Tobias Siegfried, Columbia University, explains his poster: Will Change Exacerbate or Mitigate Water Stress in Central Asia? AGU, December 16, 2010.
Salman M.A. Salman on International Water Law
 
01:09
To watch the full lecture, please go to http://legal.un.org/avl/ls/Salman_IW.html Mr. Salman M.A. Salman, Lead Counsel and Water Law Adviser Legal Vice Presidency, The World Bank
UN Watercourses Convention Online User's Guide - Dr Dinara Ziganshina
 
00:51
Dr Dinara Ziganshina, from the the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination (Uzbekistan) discusses the role of the UN Watercourses Convention in strengthening the effective management of freshwater resources amongst riparian nations in the Aral Sea Basin of Central Asia.
Views: 291 UNWConline
Water conflict | Wikipedia audio article
 
19:14
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Water conflict 00:02:06 1 Causes 00:04:05 2 Economic and trade issues 00:05:18 2.1 Fishing 00:06:00 2.2 Pollution 00:07:07 3 Classifications 00:09:05 4 Response 00:09:41 4.1 United Nations 00:10:48 4.2 World Trade Organization 00:12:17 5 Notable conflicts 00:14:05 6 Recent research into water conflicts 00:15:37 7 See also 00:15:59 8 Further reading Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Water conflict is a term describing a conflict between countries, states, or groups over an access to water resources. The United Nations recognizes that water disputes result from opposing interests of water users, public or private. A wide range of water conflicts appear throughout history, though rarely are traditional wars waged over water alone. Instead, water has historically been a source of tension and a factor in conflicts that start for other reasons. However, water conflicts arise for several reasons, including territorial disputes, a fight for resources, and strategic advantage. A comprehensive online database of water-related conflicts—the Water Conflict Chronology—has been developed by the Pacific Institute. This database lists violence over water going back nearly 5,000 years. These conflicts occur over both freshwater and saltwater, and both between and within nations. However, conflicts occur mostly over freshwater; because freshwater resources are necessary, yet scarce, they are the center of water disputes arising out of need for potable water, irrigation and energy generation. As freshwater is a vital, yet unevenly distributed natural resource, its availability often impacts the living and economic conditions of a country or region. The lack of cost-effective water supply options in areas like the Middle East, among other elements of water crises can put severe pressures on all water users, whether corporate, government, or individual, leading to tension, and possibly aggression. Recent humanitarian catastrophes, such as the Rwandan genocide or the war in Sudanese Darfur, have been linked back to water conflicts.A recent report "Water Cooperation for a Secure World" published by Strategic Foresight Group concludes that active water cooperation between countries reduces the risk of war. This conclusion is reached after examining trans-boundary water relations in over 200 shared river basins in 148 countries, though as noted below, a growing number of water conflicts are sub-national.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Iran's Water Crisis
 
01:16:48
A lecture by Dr. Kaveh Madani, November 17, 2016. Despite having a more advanced water management system than most Middle Eastern countries, Iran is experiencing a serious water crisis. Dr. Kaveh Madani discusses the roots, current status, impending risks, and possible solutions. He is a Reader of Environmental Management in the Centre for Environmental Policy at the Imperial College London, and an expert in water resources planning management in arid areas including Middle East and California. He has more than 150 publications on various water, environmental and energy management subjects, is the Associate Editor of the Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management and the Sustainable Cities and Society Journal. Part of the Stanford Iran 2040 Project.
Avoiding a Water Crisis: Water Challenges and Proposed Solutions: Peter Brabeck
 
01:04:01
The Darden Leadership Speaker Series welcomes Peter Brabeck, Chairman of the Board and former CEO of Nestlé Group, to the School as the keynote speaker of a series of events across the University of Virginia around World Water Day. Peter Brabeck-Letmathe led the Nestlé Group from 1997 to 2008, first as CEO, till 2005, and then as Chairman and CEO. In April 2008, he handed over the office of CEO and remained Chairman of the Board of Nestlé S.A. Peter is also Chairman of the "2030 Water Resources Group", a Public Private Partnership housed in the IFC/World Bank, Washington. Recorded 29 February 2016.
Views: 572 DardenMBA
Watching Water: New Approaches to Assessing & Managing Global Water Security & Sustainability
 
01:00:41
John Bolten reviewed the technological advances in satellite-based remote sensing and numerical modeling of reservoir volume, vegetation health, groundwater movement, soil moisture and other factors that drive these new approaches and discuss how the data are being applied to address these global issues. The combined stresses of overpopulation, water pollution and poor water management practices require new approaches to better assess and manage global water security and sustainability. Speaker Biography: John Bolten is associate program manager of water resources for the NASA Applied Sciences Program at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=8357
Views: 178 LibraryOfCongress
Les factures, la pollution grenobloise, la Megadrive morte J-530 (20th)
 
11:43
One of these days Add me on Twitter @karimbonnardel Testé en 24Fps Music by Frenchy Beat Fucker : https://soundcloud.com/goodvibesprod SUBSCRIBE !
Views: 31 KarimBonnardel
WPT University Place: Water Tension and the Great Lakes Compact
 
40:23
Peter Annin, Co-Director, Freshwater Innovation Center, Northland College, discusses proposals to divert fresh water from the Great Lakes to locations where water is scarce. Annin focuses on the Great Lakes Compact which, with few exceptions, prohibits diverting water from the Great Lakes. Explore the full archive of WPT's University Place lectures online at http://wpt.org/universityplace
Environmental problems of the Caspian Sea. Part 1
 
05:57
Press conference on the results of the International Competition for the best media coverage of environmental problems of the Caspian Sea. Part 2
Views: 154 VestnikKavkaza
Amu River Basin - Ms. Sediqa Hassani
 
38:27
Presentation by Ms. Sediqa Hassani on the Amu River Basin National Conference on Afghanistan Waters Duran Research & Analysis November 15th, 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan
Drainage basin | Wikipedia audio article
 
16:37
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Drainage basin Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water. The drainage basin includes all the surface water from rain runoff, snowmelt, and nearby streams that run downslope towards the shared outlet, as well as the groundwater underneath the earth's surface. Drainage basins connect into other drainage basins at lower elevations in a hierarchical pattern, with smaller sub-drainage basins, which in turn drain into another common outlet.Other terms used interchangeably with drainage basin are catchment area, catchment basin, drainage area, river basin, and water basin. In North America, the term watershed is commonly used to mean a drainage basin, though in other English-speaking countries, it is used only in its original sense, that of a drainage divide. In a closed drainage basin, or endorheic basin, the water converges to a single point inside the basin, known as a sink, which may be a permanent lake, a dry lake, or a point where surface water is lost underground.The drainage basin acts as a funnel by collecting all the water within the area covered by the basin and channelling it to a single point. Each drainage basin is separated topographically from adjacent basins by a perimeter, the drainage divide, making up a succession of higher geographical features (such as a ridge, hill or mountains) forming a barrier. Drainage basins are similar but not identical to hydrologic units, which are drainage areas delineated so as to nest into a multi-level hierarchical drainage system. Hydrologic units are defined to allow multiple inlets, outlets, or sinks. In a strict sense, all drainage basins are hydrologic units but not all hydrologic units are drainage basins.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Water resources
 
35:04
Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. The majority of human uses require fresh water. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 91 encyclopediacc
Water resources | Wikipedia audio article
 
33:15
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Water resources 00:00:57 1 Sources of fresh water 00:01:07 1.1 Surface water 00:03:37 1.2 Under river flow 00:04:24 1.3 Groundwater 00:06:09 1.4 Frozen water 00:07:05 1.5 Desalination 00:07:55 2 Water uses 00:08:04 2.1 Agriculture 00:08:48 2.1.1 Increasing water scarcity 00:12:46 2.2 Industries 00:16:02 2.3 Domestic use[house hold] 00:16:55 2.4 Recreation 00:19:08 2.5 Environment 00:20:10 3 Water stress 00:21:03 3.1 Population growth 00:21:56 3.2 Expansion of business activity 00:22:24 3.3 Rapid urbanization 00:23:16 3.4 Climate change 00:24:24 3.5 Depletion of aquifers 00:25:10 3.6 Pollution and water protection 00:26:17 3.7 Water and conflicts 00:29:09 3.7.1 Shared water resources can promote collaboration 00:30:25 3.8 Water shortages 00:31:45 4 Economic considerations Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Water resources are natural resources of water that are potentially useful. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. All living things require water to grow and reproduce. 97% of the water on the Earth is salt water and only three percent is fresh water; slightly over two thirds of this is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. The remaining unfrozen freshwater is found mainly as groundwater, with only a small fraction present above ground or in the air.Fresh water is a renewable resource, yet the world's supply of groundwater is steadily decreasing, with depletion occurring most prominently in Asia, South America and North America, although it is still unclear how much natural renewal balances this usage, and whether ecosystems are threatened. The framework for allocating water resources to water users (where such a framework exists) is known as water rights.
Views: 12 wikipedia tts
Drainage basin | Wikipedia audio article
 
15:50
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Drainage basin Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water. The drainage basin includes all the surface water from rain runoff, snowmelt, and nearby streams that run downslope towards the shared outlet, as well as the groundwater underneath the earth's surface. Drainage basins connect into other drainage basins at lower elevations in a hierarchical pattern, with smaller sub-drainage basins, which in turn drain into another common outlet.Other terms used interchangeably with drainage basin are catchment area, catchment basin, drainage area, river basin, and water basin. In North America, the term watershed is commonly used to mean a drainage basin, though in other English-speaking countries, it is used only in its original sense, that of a drainage divide. In a closed drainage basin, or endorheic basin, the water converges to a single point inside the basin, known as a sink, which may be a permanent lake, a dry lake, or a point where surface water is lost underground.The drainage basin acts as a funnel by collecting all the water within the area covered by the basin and channelling it to a single point. Each drainage basin is separated topographically from adjacent basins by a perimeter, the drainage divide, making up a succession of higher geographical features (such as a ridge, hill or mountains) forming a barrier. Drainage basins are similar but not identical to hydrologic units, which are drainage areas delineated so as to nest into a multi-level hierarchical drainage system. Hydrologic units are defined to allow multiple inlets, outlets, or sinks. In a strict sense, all drainage basins are hydrologic units but not all hydrologic units are drainage basins.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts